Importing Marine Fisheries Products for human consumption from all countries
6 October 2008
You are viewing an import health standard. It outlines the requirements that must be met before risk goods can be imported into New Zealand.
The information in MAF Biosecurity New Zealand (MAFBNZ) animal and animal product import health standards is presented in numerically ordered sections with descriptive titles. Sections are grouped into one of three parts, designated alphabetically.
Part A. GENERAL INFORMATION contains sections of general interest, including those relating to the legal basis for MAFBNZ import health standards and the general responsibilities of every importer of animals and animal products.
Part B. IMPORTATION PROCEDURE contains sections which outline the requirements to be met prior to and during importation. Whether a permit to import is required to be obtained prior to importation is noted, as are conditions of eligibility, transport and general conditions relating to documentation accompanying the consignment.
Part C. CLEARANCE PROCEDURE contains sections describing the requirements to be met at the New Zealand border and, if necessary, in a transitional facility in New Zealand prior to any consignment being given biosecurity clearance.
1 IMPORT HEALTH STANDARD
1.1 Pursuant to section 22 of the Biosecurity Act 1993, this document is the import health standard for the importation of marine fisheries products for human consumption from all countries.
1.2 Obtaining biosecurity clearance for each consignment of marine fisheries products for human consumption imported from all countries depends on the consignment meeting the requirements of this import health standard.
1.3 This import health standard may be reviewed, amended or revoked if there are changes in New Zealand's import policy or the animal health status of the originating country, or for any other lawful reason, at the discretion of the Animal Imports and Exports Group Manager.
2 IMPORTER'S RESPONSIBILITIES
2.1 The costs of MAFBNZ in performing functions relating to the importation of marine fisheries products for human consumption shall be recovered in accordance with the Biosecurity Act and any regulations made under that Act.
2.2 All costs involved with documentation, transport, storage and obtaining a biosecurity direction and/or biosecurity clearance shall be borne by the importer or agent.
2.3 Commercial consignments of products imported into New Zealand for human consumption in New Zealand must comply with the Food Act 1981. These requirements are independent of the import health standard requirements and are managed by the New Zealand Food Safety Authority (NZFSA). Importers are advised to contact the NZFSA or consult the NZFSA website at www.nzfsa.govt.nz/imported-food/index.htm.
2.4 Once the consignment has been given biosecurity clearance into New Zealand, it is the importer’s responsibility to ensure (where relevant) that the consignment complies with the Animal Products Act 1999, especially if it is returned New Zealand product, product entering operations also used for the export of animal products, or if it is to be re-exported. Information about these requirements can be obtained from the New Zealand Food Safety Authority (NZFSA) website: www.nzfsa.govt.nz/animalproducts/publications/omar/01-172.htm or by contacting the local NZFSA Verification Agency office. Certification and other official assurance requirements which may be applicable are accessible at: www.nzfsa.govt.nz/animalproducts/publications/manualsguides/oap/index.htm
2.5 It is the importer or agent’s responsibility to ensure that they are compliant with the current version of the relevant import health standard at the time of importation into New Zealand. Current versions of import health standards are available online at: http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/ihs/search
3 DEFINITION OF TERMS
A clearance under section 26 of the Biosecurity Act (1993) for the entry of goods into New Zealand. (Explanatory Note: Goods given a Biosecurity Clearance by an Inspector are released to the importer without restriction).
A mixing of seawater with fresh water, as in estuaries . For the purposes of this import health standard brackish water is considered to be part of the marine environment.
An animal with a backbone that has gills throughout life and has limbs, if any, in the shape of fins.
Any species of fish that does not spend any part of its life cycle in fresh water, for example salmon which spawn in fresh water are NOT a marine fish.
Means a person who is appointed an inspector under section 103 of the Biosecurity Act (1993). (Explanatory Note: An Inspector is appointed to undertake administering and enforcing the provisions of the Biosecurity Act (1993) and controls imposed under HSNO).
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Biosecurity New Zealand
Marine fisheries products for human consumption
For the purposes of this import health standard these include products derived from marine fish, Mollusca (oysters, mussels) of freshwater or marine origin, Crustacea (crabs, lobsters, prawns, shrimps) of freshwater or marine origin and Echinodermata (sea urchins, sea cucumbers) for human consumption.
The import health standard has been agreed as suitable for trade between the exporting and the importing countries. It is expected that the animal product will meet the conditions in every respect.
Occasionally it is found that, due to circumstances beyond the importer's control, the animal products do not comply completely with the requirements. In such cases an application for equivalence will be considered and issued at the discretion of MAFBNZ, but only if the following information is forwarded by the certifying government's veterinary authorities:
- which clause/s of the import health standard cannot be met and how this has occurred;
- the reason the animal/s are considered to be of an "equivalent health status" and/or what proposal is made to return the animal/s to an equivalent health status as set-out in the health conditions; and
- the reasons why it is believed that this proposal should be acceptable to MAFBNZ and the recommendation for its acceptance.
5 PERMIT TO IMPORT
5.1 A permit to import is not required for consignments that meet the requirements of this import health standard.
6.1 Freshwater fish or products derived from freshwater fish (any fish species that spends a part of its life cycle in fresh water) are NOT eligible for importation under this standard.
6.2 All marine fisheries products for human consumption must be dead.
6.3 Marine fish originating from the following countries may be considered to be of marine origin unless there is evidence to the contrary:
American Samoa, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia (Mariana Islands, Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, Kiribati and Nauru), Fiji, French Polynesia, Niue, Norfolk Island, Pitcairn Island, Republic of Belau (Palau Islands), Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Wallis & Fortuna, Western Samoa.
6.4 Marine fish originating from countries other than those listed under 6.3 above must be identifiable as marine origin. For example, fish may be commercially packaged and labelled with the species of origin or accompanied by a declaration from the exporter identifying the consignment and listing the species of origin.
- If any doubt exists as to the origin of the fish, then it can be imported under the Import Health Standard for the Importation into New Zealand of Cooked Fish for Human Consumption from All Countries: http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/imports/animals/standards/fiscooic.all.htm
- For the purposes of this import health standard dried anchovies and dried anchovy-like fish may be imported without being identifiable as being of marine origin.
- For the purposes of this import health standard milkfish (Chanos chanos) are considered to be a marine fish.
6.5 Mollusca (oysters, mussels and other shellfish excluding abalone) must have been shelled and either cooked, dried or frozen. Mollusca may be imported whether of marine or freshwater origin.
6.6 Crustacea (crabs, lobsters, prawns, shrimps) may be imported whether of marine or freshwater origin.
6.7 Haliotis (abalone) must be shelled and heat treated to a core temperature of 55°C for 10 minutes.
6.8 Echinodermata (sea urchins, sea cucumbers).
7.1 Upon arrival in New Zealand the documentation accompanying the consignment shall be inspected by an Inspector at the port of arrival. The Inspector may also inspect the consignment, or a sample of the consignment.
7.2 Providing that the consignment meets ALL the conditions stated in the Eligibility section of this import health standard, the consignment may, subject to sections 27 and 28 of the Biosecurity Act (1993), be given biosecurity clearance pursuant to section 26 of the Biosecurity Act (1993).