Importing Tropical butterfly pupae from all countries

12 January 2011


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Issued pursuant to Section 22 of the Biosecurity Act 1993
Dated: 12 January 2011


The information in MAF animal and animal product import health standards is presented in numerically ordered sections with descriptive titles. Sections are grouped into one of four parts, designated alphabetically.

Part A. GENERAL INFORMATION contains sections of general interest, including those relating to the legal basis for MAF import health standards and the general responsibilities of every importer of animals and animal products.

Part B. IMPORTATION PROCEDURE contains sections that outline the requirements to be met prior to and during importation. Whether a permit to import is required to be obtained prior to importation is noted, as are conditions of eligibility, transport and general conditions relating to documentation accompanying the consignment.

Part C. CLEARANCE PROCEDURE contains sections describing the requirements to be met at the New Zealand border and, if necessary, in a containment facility in New Zealand prior to any consignment being given biosecurity clearance.

Part D. ZOOSANITARY CERTIFICATION contains model health certification which must be completed by the appropriate personnel as indicated in the certification and accompany the consignment to New Zealand.




1.1 Pursuant to section 22 of the Biosecurity Act 1993, this document is the import health standard for the importation into New Zealand containment facilities of tropical butterfly and moth pupae from all countries.

1.2 Approval for the importation of each consignment of tropical butterfly and moth pupae into New Zealand is dependent on containment approval from the Environmental Risk Management Authority (ERMA) for the particular species and the consignment meeting the requirements of this import health standard.

1.3 This import health standard may be reviewed, amended or revoked if there are changes in New Zealand's import policy or the animal health status of the originating country, or for any other lawful reason, at the discretion of the Biosecurity Standards Group Manager.


2.1 The costs of MAF in performing functions relating to the importation of tropical butterfly and moth pupae shall be recovered in accordance with the Biosecurity Act and any regulations made under that Act.

2.2 All costs involved with documentation, transport, storage and obtaining a Biosecurity direction shall be borne by the importer or importer’s agent.

2.3 The importer must make all arrangements for transport of the tropical butterfly and moth pupae to and within New Zealand.

2.4 If a species of tropical butterfly or moth that is not currently held in a zoo/containment facility within New Zealand is to be imported, the importer is responsible for obtaining approval from ERMA before importation will be permitted.


The import health standard has been agreed as suitable for trade between the exporting and the importing countries. It is expected that the consignment will meet the conditions in every respect.

Occasionally it may be found that, due to circumstances beyond the control of the importer or exporter, a consignment does not comply with the specific requirements in this import health standard, but may meet the outcomes sought. In such cases, a permit to import application may be made, an equivalence granted and import permit issued at the discretion of MAF Biosecurity New Zealand. The following information must be forwarded by the certifying government's veterinary authority for an equivalence to be considered:

  • which clause/s of the import health standard cannot be met and how this has occurred;
  • the reason the consignment is considered to be of an "equivalent health" status;
  • the reasons why the veterinary authority of the country of origin believe this proposal should be acceptable to the New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and their recommendation for its acceptance.


Biosecurity authorisation

Written authority from an inspector, given under section 25 of the Biosecurity Act (1993), to move uncleared goods from a transitional facility or biosecurity control area to another transitional facility, containment facility or biosecurity control area, or to export those goods from New Zealand.

Biosecurity clearance

As defined by the Biosecurity Act 1993.

Animal Imports/Exports Group Manager

The Animal Imports/Exports Group Manager, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Biosecurity New Zealand, or any person who for the time being may lawfully exercise and perform the delegated power and functions of the Animal Imports/Exports Group Manager

Containment facility

As defined by the Biosecurity Act 1993


The Environmental Risk Management Authority, New Zealand


New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

Permit to import

A written order issued by the Director-General of MAF authorising the importation of risk goods to a specified facility.



5.1 A permit to import is required for consignments of tropical butterfly and moth pupae imported into New Zealand from all countries.

5.2 The permit to import will be issued for multiple consignments for a period of up to six months.

5.3 Application for a permit to import must be made prior to the proposed date of importation in writing to:

Animal Imports Team
MAF Bisosecurity New Zealand
PO Box 2526
New Zealand

5.4 The importer must supply the following information:

    5.4.1 name and address of the containment facility in New Zealand, to which the consignment is to proceed following importation;/p>

    5.4.2 confirmation from the authorised supervisor of the containment facility stating that the facility is registered according to MAF Standard 154.03.04: Containment facilities for zoo animals and has the capacity to accommodate the consignments proposed to be imported.

    5.4.3 List of butterfly/moth species proposed to be imported.


6.1 Each consignment shall be accompanied by copy of the permit to import and all appropriately completed health certification which meets the requirements of PART D. ZOOSANITARY CERTIFICATION. The required documentation is:

    6.1.1 Zoosanitary Certificate and

    6.1.2 Permit to Import

6.2 It is the importer’s responsibility to ensure that any documentation presented is in accordance with the requirements of this import health standard and is clearly legible. Failure to do so may result in delays in obtaining a biosecurity direction or result in rejection of consignments.

6.3 Documentation shall be in English, but may be bilingual (language of exporting country/English).

[Note: Any requirement for the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) or other conservation related documentation must be met by the exporter/importer and is independent of this certification.]


7.1 Eligibility for importation under this import health standard is confined to the species of tropical butterfly and moth approved by ERMA for importation into containment listed in APPENDIX 1.

7.2 Tropical butterfly and moth pupae consigned to New Zealand must be sourced from tropical locations or facilities maintained at temperatures of at least 20˚ Celcius.

7.3 The premises of origin of the tropical butterfly and moth pupae must have been free of quarantine restrictions during the 90 days prior to the scheduled date of export.

7.4 All requirements of this import health standard, including those detailed in the Model Zoosanitary Certificate must be met for the consignment to be eligible for importation.


8.1 Pupae of butterflies and moths must be transported by air and carried in a container meeting requirements of the International Air Transport Association (IATA) Live Animal Regulations for insects.

8.2 Each consignment must be packaged in such a manner so as to prevent the escape of any butterflies and moths that may have emerged during transport

8.3 The containers must be closed with tamper-evident seals.



9.1 Upon arrival in New Zealand the documentation accompanying the consignment shall be inspected by an Inspector at the port of arrival. The containers containing the butterfly and moth pupae must not be opened, but are to be inspected to ensure that the seals are intact and the container is escape proof.

9.2 Providing that the documentation meets all requirements noted under PART D: ZOOSANITARY CERTIFICATION and the consignment meets the conditions of ELIGIBILITY, an Inspector under section 25 of the Biosecurity Act 1993, may give a biosecurity direction authorising the consignment to be moved to the containment facility named in the permit to import.


10.1 Following biosecurity direction being given the consignment shall proceed to the containment facility registered according to MAF Standard 154.03.04: Containment facilities for zoo animals named on the permit to import.

10.2 The containment facility must be located south of 34˚ latitude (CapeReinga)

10.3 On arrival at the containment facility the consignment will be held according to the enclosure standard for invertebrates- butterflies and moths detailed in MAF Standard 154.03.04: Containment facilities for zoo animals, and subject to the following quarantine conditions:

    10.3.1 All imported pupae must be held in the quarantine room of the containment facility.

    10.3.2 Pupae must be checked daily for signs of disease. Procedures detailing the checks must be included in the quality manual of the containment facility.

    10.3.3 Any diseased pupae must be rendered nonviable and held in a sealed container until disposed of by MAF approved methods.

    10.3.4 All packing materials used in importation must be held in the containment facility prior to disposal by MAF approved methods.

    10.3.5 On emergence the adult butterflies and moths can be moved to the display enclosure within the containment facility.

    10.3.6 The consignment may be subject to additional tests, treatments or procedures as required by the Biosecurity Standards Group Manager, necessary to determine the health status of the consignment.

10.4 No stage of the life cycle will be eligible for biosecurity clearance.

10.5 Transfer to another containment facility may occur only with the prior approval of the Supervisor of the containment facility.

10.6 The containment facility must also operate in accordance with all ERMA controls set down in ERMA Decision NOC03002 or ERMA200600.


The following Model Zoosanitary Certificate contains the information required by

MAF to accompany each import of tropical butterfly and moth pupae into New Zealand from all countries:




Permit to import number:

Exporting Country:


1 Species in consignment:


1 Name and address of exporter(s):

2 Premise(s) of origin of pupae:

3 Port of embarkation:


1 Name and address of importer:

2 Flight Number:

3 Port of arrival:



I,........................................................................ the Director/Manager of the premises of origin of the tropical butterfly and/or moth pupae certify that:

1 All the tropical butterfly and/or moth species included in this consignment:

    1.1 are listed under I: IDENTIFICATION.

    1.2 showed no signs of disease or parasitism at the time of export.

2 The premises of origin of all tropical butterfly and/or moth pupae in this consignment:

    2.1 are maintained at temperatures of at least 20 degrees celcius.

    2.2 have been free of any quarantine restrictions in the 90 days preceding export.

3 The transport containers comply with the International Air Transport Association (IATA) Live Animal Regulations for insects and are closed with tamper-evident seals.


Name and Signature of Director/Manager                                         date

Name and address of premises of origin: ........................................................................................



Appendix 1: SPECIES OF TROPICAL BUTTERFLY AND MOTHS eligible for importation into New Zealand.

NB: If a species of tropical butterfly or moth that is not held in a zoo within New Zealand is to be imported, approval from the Environmental Risk Management Authority (ERMA) must be obtained before importation will be permitted.

Anartia fatima  
Anetia thirza Aenetia thirza, Anetia thyrza
Anosia genutia Danaus genutia
Anteos clorinde  
Archaeoprepona demophon Prepona demophon
Attacus atlas  
Battus belus  
Battus polydamus  
Biblis hyperia  
Bombyx mori  
Caligo atreus  
Caligo eurilochus  
Caligo illioneus  
Caligo memnon Caligo idomeneus
Caligo teucer  
Callicore pitheas  
Catonephele godmani Chromis godmani
Catonephele mexicana  
Catonephele numilia Catonephele numila
Catonephele orites  
Catopsilia pomona  
Cepora aspasia  
Cethosia biblis  
Cethosia cydippe  
Cethosia hypsea  
Cethosia penthesilea  
Charaxes bupalus  
Charaxes castor  
Charaxes harmodius  
Charaxes polyxena  
Chlosyne gaudialis Chlosyne gaudealis
Chlosyne janais  
Chrysiridia rhipheus Chrysiridia rhiphaeus
Consul fabius  
Coscinocera hercules  
CCressida cressida  
Danaus chrysippus  
Danaus genutia  
Danaus gilippus  
Danaus limniace  
Danaus melanippus  
Delias hyparete  
Dione juno  
Doleschallia bisaltide  
Dryadula phaetusa  
Dryas julia  
Dynamine mylitta  
Dysphania numana Heleona fenestrata
Eryphanis polyxena  
Eueides aliphera  
Eueides isabella  
Euploea core  
Euploea mulciber  
Euploea sylvester  
Eurema nicippe  
Eurema nise  
Eurytides branchus  
Eurytides epidaus  
Eurytides marcellus  
Eurytides phaon  
Euthalia adonia  
Godyris zavaleta  
Graphium agamemnon  
Graphium angolanus  
Graphium antheus  
Graphium eurypylus  
Graphium sarpedon  
Greta nero  
Greta oto  
Hamadryas amphinome  
Hamadryas arinome  
Hamadryas chloe  
Hamadryas februa  
Hamadryas feronia  
Hamadryas fornax  
Hamadryas gautemalena Hamadryas guatemalina, Hamadryas guatemalena
Hamadryas laodamia  
Heliconius charitonius  
Heliconius cydno  
Heliconius doris  
Heliconius hecale  
Heliconius hewitsoni  
Heliconius ismenius  
Heliconius melpomene  
Heliconius sapho  
Heliconius sara  
Historis acheronta  
Hypna clytemnestra  
Hypolimnas alimena  
Hypolimnas bolina  
Idea leuconoe  
Ideopsis gaura  
Ithomia heraldica  
Junonia hedonia  
Junonia hierta Precis hierta
Junonia oenone  
Kallima paralekta  
Kallima sylvia Parthenos sylvia
Lampropptera meges  
Lamproptera curius  
Lexias pardalis  
Limenitis fessonia Adelpha fessonia
Limenitis iphiclus Adelpha iphiclus
Mechanitis menapis saturata  
Mechanitis polymnia  
Memphis eurypyle Anaea eurypyle, Fountainea eurypyle
Metamorpha epaphus Siproeta epaphus
Morpho granadensis  
Morpho peleides  
Morpho polyphemus  
Myscelia cyaniris  
Myscelia ethusa  
Opsiphanes cassina  
Opsiphanes tamarindi  
Opsiphanes bogotanus  
Ornithoptera aesacus  
Ornithoptera priamus  
Pachliopta annae Atrophaneura annae; Atrophaneura aunae
Pachliopta aristolochia  
Pachliopta atropos  
Pachliopta kotzebuae  
Pachliopta mariae Atrophaneura mariae
Pachliopta neptunus Losaria neptunus
Pachliopta oreon Atrophaneura oreon
Pachliopta polydorus  
Panacea procilla  
Papilio aegeus  
Papilio ambrax  
Papilio anchisiades  
Papilio androgeus  
Papilio blumei  
Papilio canopus  
Papilio daedalus Achilles daedalus
Papilio dardanus  
Papilio demoleus  
Papilio dialis Papilo megii
Papilio lorquinianus  
Papilio lowi  
Papilio memnon  
Papilio oribazus  
Papilio palinurus  
Papilio paris  
Papilio peranthus  
Papilio polymnestor  
Papilio polytes  
Papilio rumanzovia  
Papilio ulysses  
Parantica aspasia  
Parathyma perius Athyma perius
Pareronia valeria  
Parides arcas  
Parides childrenae  
Parides erithalion Parides erithaleon
Parides iphidamus Parides iphidamas
Parides montezumae  
Parides neptunus Atrophaneura neptunus
Parides photinus
Parides semperi Atrophaneura semperi
Parides sesostris  
Parides vertumnus  
Philaethria dido  
Polyura schreiber  
Precis almana  
Precis atlites  
Precis lemonias  
Precis orythia  
Prepona omphale  
Pteronymia notilla  
Salamis parrhassus Salamis parhassus
Samia luzonica  
Siderone nemesis  
Tithorea tarricina  
Trogonoptera trojanus Trogonoptera trojana
Troides brookiana Trognoptera brookiana
Troides helena Troides oblongomaculatus, Papilio helena
Troides magellanus  
Troides plateni  
Troides radamatus  
Urania leilus  
Urania sloanus  
Vindula arsinoe  
Vindula dejone Vindula deione
Vindula erota  
Yoma sabina