Citrus to the United States of America

Citrus spp.

Common Name: Citrus

Conditions: Plant import permit and phytosanitary certificate with additional declaration required. Additional declaration:

Additional Declaration:

"Fruit is free from Cnephasia jactatana, Coscinoptycha improbana, Ctenopseustis obliquana, Epiphyas postvittana, Pezothrips kellyanus, and Planotortrix excessana”.

Note: Sampling method used by USDA.

Fruit must undergo a port of entry inspection with a biometric sampling of 100 percent of 30 boxes selected randomly from each shipment; and the randomly selected boxes must be examined for hitchhiking pests.

Last updated: 30 August 2013

Fresh Fruit and Vegetables to the United States of America

Access to United States of America’s Importing Requirements for Fruit and Vegetables

The United States of America’s phytosanitary importing requirements for fruit and vegetables are available on USDA’s Fruit and Vegetable Import Requirements (FAVIR) system and can be accessed via the internet at:

https://epermits.aphis.usda.gov/manual/index.cfm?action=countrySummCommPI®ION_ID=233&dspNavBar=1

Note: This ICPR covers phytosanitary certification information pertinent to New Zealand that may not be captured in FAVIR.

Notes:

  1. For Queensland fruit fly host material please contact an IVA for current requirements.
  2. All consignments must be free from leaves, twigs, or other portions of plants, plant litter or rubbish (as distinguished from clean fruits and vegetables).
  3. Commodities requiring mandatory treatment upon entry may not enter either Guam or the Northern Mariana Islands
  4. If commodities are not listed in section 4.1.1 please contact MPI to determine export requirements.
Last updated: 26 February 2015

United States of America General Requirements

General Information

Users of this document are strongly advised to read all sections to understand the phytosanitary requirements for a commodity.

For enquires about this document email the Plant Exports Group:

plantexports@mpi.govt.nz

Please state the nature of your enquiry in the subject line e.g. China query or pest interception or password re-set.

For urgent enquiries please phone +64 4 894 5693.

Scope

The requirements listed in this Importing Country's Phytosanitary Requirement (ICPR) document apply to product of New Zealand only, unless specifically stated.

This ICPR specifies the USA’s phytosanitary import requirements for plant products being exported from New Zealand. If a commodity or commodity group is not identified within this ICPR exporters should contact:

  • USA directly to ascertain requirements

or

  • Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI), Plant Exports

Phytosanitary Legislation

United States phytosanitary requirements are documented in the following legislation:

  • The Plant Quarantine Act of 1912
  • The Federal Seed Act of 1939
  • The Federal Plant Pest Act of 1957
  • The Federal Noxious Weed Act of 1974

Regulations under these Acts are contained within the United States of America's Code of Federal Regulations (various editions), which can be viewed at the link below:

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=-1&go=Go

Definitions

Agricultural seed Kinds and varieties of grass, forage, and field crop seed that are used for seeding purposes in the United States:

Coated seed Any seed unit covered with any substance that changes the size, shape, or weight of the original seed. Seeds coated with ingredients such as, but not limited to, rhizobia, dyes, and pesticides are excluded.

Declaration A written statement of a grower, shipper, processor, dealer, or importer giving for any lot of seed the kind, variety, type, origin, or the use for which the seed is intended.

Guam Where used this includes the islands of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

Herbaceous Plants having little or no woody tissue and persisting, usually, for a single growing season.

H. Perennial A plant that has the top growth dying down annually, but where the crown, roots, bulbs, or rhizomes survive the winter.

Hybrid When applied to kinds or varieties of seed means the first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling the pollination and by combining two or more inbred lines; one inbred or a single cross with an open- pollinated variety; or two selected clones, seed lines, varieties, or species. "Controlling the pollination” means to use a method of hybridization that will produce pure seed that is at least 75 percent hybrid seed. Hybrid designations shall be treated as variety names.

Kind One or more related species or subspecies that singly or collectively is known by one common name, e.g., soybean, flax, or carrot.

Lot of seed A definite quantity of seed identified by a lot number, every portion or bag of which is uniform, within permitted tolerances, for the factors that appear in the labelling.

Mixture Seeds consisting of more than one kind or variety, each present in excess of 5 percent of the whole.

Pelleted seed Any seed unit covered with a substance that changes the size, shape, or weight of the original seed in order to improve the “plantability” or “singulation” of the seed.

Shrub A woody plant of relatively low height, distinguished from a tree by having several stems rather than a single trunk.

Transhipment A shipment brought in to the USA from a foreign port for:

  • Off-loading and shipping to another US destination on the same or another airline,
  • Off-loading for shipment to another country,
  • Off-loading for breakdown and shipment to multiple destinations, or
  • Temporary off-loading for re-positioning.

Vegetable Seed Kinds and varieties that are or may be grown in gardens or on truck farms and are or may be generally known and sold under the name of vegetable seed.

Fees and Charges

Please note that the determination and provision of phytosanitary requirements for a commodity not listed within the ICPR may be undertaken on a cost recovered basis. A link to the list of Plant Exports Fees and Charges is available on http://mpi.govt.nz/exporting/food/fruit-and-vegetables/fees-and-charges/

General Requirements

Prohibitions

Table 1. Prohibited commodities into USA

Scientific Name Common Name Plant Part Prohibited
Abies spp. Fir Cut flowers / foliage & nursery stock
Acacia spp. Wattles Nursery stock
Actinidia spp. Kiwifruit Plants for planting (including pollen but excluding fruit and seed)
Adonia spp.   Nursery stock
Aegilops spp. Goatgrass Cut flowers/foliage
Aesculus spp. Horse Chestnut Plants for planting excluding seed (temporary prohibition pending a pest risk analysis)
Aiphanes spp. Spine palm Nursery stock
Allagoptera arenaria Alligator weed Nursery stock
Alnus spp. Alder Plants for planting, except seed
Andropogon sorghum Sorghum All parts (unless processed)
Andropogon halepensis Johnson grass All parts (unless processed)
Apium graveolens Celery Fresh vegetable*
Areca spp. Betel Palm Nursery stock
Arenga spp. Sugar palm Nursery stock
Arikuryroba spp. Arikury Palm Nursery stock
Arum spp. Arum Cut flowers/foliage
Aurantioideae Citrus All except seed* and fruit
Bambuseae Bamboo Cut flowers/foliage, nursery stock & seed*
Berberis spp. Barberry Nursery stock & seed
Borassus spp. Palmyra palm Nursery stock
Boronia spp. Boronia Cut flowers/foliage
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Swede Fresh vegetable*
Capsicum spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Caryota spp. Fishtail Palm Nursery stock
Castanea spp. Chestnut Nursery stock
Cedrus spp. Cedar Cut flowers/foliage
Chaenomeles spp. Flowering quince Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock
Chenopodium spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Chionachne spp. Chionachne All parts (unless processed)
Chrysalidocarpus spp. Butterfly palm Nursery stock
Chrysanthemum spp. Chrysanthemum Nursery stock
Citrus spp. of the families Aurantioideae, Rutoideae and Toddalioideae. Citrus All except seed* and fruit
Coccinia grandis Ivy gourd Fresh fruit*
Cocos spp. Coconut Nursery stock & seed
Coffea spp. (with berries) Coffee Cut flowers/foliage
Coix lachryma-jobi Job’s Tears All (unless processed)
Corypha spp. Corypha Nursery stock
Cydonia spp. Quince Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock
Cynara spp. Artichoke Cut flowers/foliage
Dendranthema spp. Chrysanthemum Nursery stock
Dictyosoperma spp. Princess Palm Nursery stock
Diospyros kaki Persimmon Fresh fruit*
Elaeis spp. Oil palms Nursery stock
Erianthus spp. Plume grass Nursery stock
Eriobotrya japonica Loquat Fresh fruit*
Eucalyptus spp. Eucalyptus Cut flowers/foliage
Euchlaena luxurians Teosinte All (unless processed)
Fabaceae (herbaceous species only)   Nursery stock
Fragaria spp. Strawberry Nursery stock
  Botanical fruit associated with Fresh cut fllowers and foliage Botanical fruit unless allowed entry as fruit or vegetables
Gaussia spp.   Nursery stock
Gossypium spp. Cotton Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock*
Halogetum spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Hippophae spp. Buckthorn Cut flowers/foliage
Hypericum spp. St Johns wort Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock
Hypophorbe spp. Palm Nursery stock
Ipomoea spp. Sweet potato Nursery stock & fresh vegetable
Juniperus spp. Juniper Cut flowers/foliage
Latania spp.   Nursery stock
Larix spp. Larch Cut flowers/foliage
Leersia spp. Cutgrass Seed
Lepidium spp. (synonyms Senebiera and Coronopus spp.)   Plants for planting, except seed
Leptochloa spp. Sprangle top Seed
Ligustrum spp. Privet Cut flowers/foliage
Livistona spp. Fan palm Nursery stock
Loranthaceae Mistletoe Fresh fruit (berries)
Lycopersicon spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Mahoberberis spp.   Nursery stock & seed
Mahonia spp.   Nursery stock & seed
Malus spp. Apple Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock
Malva spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Mangifera spp. Mango Seed
Manihot spp. Tapioca Nursery stock
Manure    
Mascarena spp. Mascarena Nursery stock
Nannorrhops spp. Mazari palm Nursery stock
Neodypis spp. Palm Nursery stock
Nicotiana spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Oryza spp. Rice Straw, seed & hulls.
Passiflora spp. Passionfruit Fresh fruit*
Pastinaca spp. Parsnip Fresh vegetable*
Pennisetm glaucum Pearl millet All unless processed
Pennisetm purpureum Napier grass All unless processed
Perenettya spp. Pernettya Cut flowers/foliage
Phoenix spp. Phoenix palm Nursery stock
Physalis spp. Ground cherry Cut flowers/foliage
Picea spp. Spruce Cut flowers/foliage
Pinus spp. Pine Cut flowers/foliage*
Pisum sativum Pea Fresh vegetable*
Poaceae   Cut flowers/foliage
Polygonum spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Polytoca spp. Polytoca All unless processed
Pomeae   Nursery stock
Pritchardia spp. Fiji Fan Palm Nursery stock
Prunus spp. Stonefruit Cut flowers/foliage, nursery stock & seed
Pseudolarix spp. Pseudolarix Cut flowers/foliage
Pseudotsuga spp. Douglas fir Cut flowers/foliage
Pyracantha spp. Fire Thorn Cut flowers/foliage
Pyrus spp. Pear Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock
Ravenea spp. Palm Nursery stock
Ribes spp. Currant/Gooseberry Nursery stock
Rosa spp. Rose Nursery stock
Rutoideae Citrus All except seed* and fruit
Saccharum spp. Sugarcane All (unless processed)
Salix spp. Willow Cut flowers/foliage
Sclerachne spp. Sclerachne All (unless processed)
Seeds, of all kinds, in pulp    
Soil    
Solanum spp. (tuberous species only)   Nursery stock (other than true seed)
Solanum tuberosum Potato Fresh vegetable*
Sorghum bicolor Sorghum All (unless processed)
Sorghum halepense Johnson grass All (unless processed)
Sorghum vulgare var. technicum Broomcorn Cut flowers/foliage
Spergularia spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Striga spp. Witchweed All
Theobroma spp. Cacao Nursery stock
Toddalioideae Citrus All except seed* and fruit
Trachycarpus spp. Windmill palm Nursery stock
Triticum aestivum Wheat Cut flowers/foliage
Veitchia spp. Manilla Palm Nursery stock
Vitis spp. Grape Nursery stock
Zizania spp. Wildrice/Water oats Seed

*See Commodity Specific Requirements for exceptions

Import Permits

Phytosanitary import permits state the phytosanitary requirements for that commodity

Import permits are required for:

  • Consignments comprising 13 or more individual articles of nursery stock (other than seeds, bulbs or sterile cultures of orchid plants). Refer Nursery Stock and Whole Plants
  • All nursery stock / seed which requires either treatment on arrival or post export quarantine
  • Bulbs of Allium sativum, Crocosmia spp., Gladiolus spp. and Watsonia spp.
  • Articles of Zea mays
  • Articles of Cocos nucifera
  • Articles (except seed) of Dianthus spp.
  • Articles (except seed) of Castanea spp. and Castanopsis spp. destined for
  • California or Oregon
  • Articles (except seed) of Pinus spp. (five leaved) destined to Wisconsin
  • Articles (including seed) of Ribes spp. destined to Massachusetts, New York,West Virginia or Wisconsin
  • Fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables
  • Small lots of seed imported in accordance with Seeds, Grains and Nuts for Sowing - General information (Section 3.4.2)
  • Specified seed for sowing (see Seeds, Grains and Nuts for Sowing) including all seeds of trees and shrubs
  • Microorganisms, micro biologicals and laboratory specimens.
  • Solanum tuberosum true seed

Exporters/Importers are responsible for ensuring the permit is available at the time of the consignments arrival in the USA.

Where the import permit is not presented at the time of the request for an MPI phytosanitary certificate, the associated phytosanitary certificate must be endorsed with the following additional declaration:

Additional declaration: “Import permit not sighted”

Import permits are issued to importers and brokers residing in USA who must apply for the permit prior to the importation.

Import permits may be obtained from:

Permit Unit USDA - APHIS
Department of Agriculture
Unit 136, 4700 River Road
Riverdale, Maryland 20737-1236
USA

Telephone: 001 (301) 734-8645
Facsimile: 001 (301) 734-5786

Import permits may also be requested online at web01.aphis.usda.gov/ias.nsf/MainForm?OpenForm

Import conditions may be requested from the above address, or accessed via the internet at: www.aphis.usda.gov/favir

Import permit applications should be made at least 30 days before arrival of the article at the port of entry and should contain the following information:

  • name, address (and telephone number) of the importer
  • quantity and kind of plant material (scientific name)
  • country of origin (where produced)
  • intended port of entry to USA
  • mode of transport (airfreight - mail etc.)
  • expected date of arrival

Issuance of oral permits. Oral permits may be issued at ports of entry for specific commodities. Please refer to the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations 319, link below, for more information:

http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=446e2e3a8627eeda6f4802db874c91dc&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title07/7cfr319_main_02.tpl

Phytosanitary Certificates

Phytosanitary certificates are required for:

  • nursery stock, cut flowers and foliage or other classes of plant, root, bulb, seed, or other plant product, for or capable of propagation
  • seed shipments from New Zealand except for small lots of seed which may be imported into the USA under conditions (refer Seeds, Grains and Nuts for Sowing).
  • where a negotiated pre-clearance work plan is in operation
  • where an additional declaration or pre-export treatment is required.

Fresh fruit - apricots (Prunus armeniaca), nectarines, (Prunus persica var. nucipersica), peaches (Prunus persica), plums (Prunus domestica), cherries (Prunus avium) and their hybrids – effective 27 February 2009, the time at port of entry in the USA.

Fresh fruit - apple (Malus)-not pre-cleared by the USDA from New Zealand, avocado (Persea americana), blackberry (Rubus sp), blueberry/cranberry (Vaccinium spp), chinese gooseberry/kiwifruit (Actinidia spp.), currant (Ribes sp), loquat (Eriobotrya sp), grape (Vitis sp), feijoa/strawberry guava (Feijoa sellowiana), pear (Pyrus communis)-not pre-cleared by the USDA from New Zealand, asian pear (Pyrus pyrifolia)-not pre-cleared by the USDA from New Zealand, persimmon (Diospyros kaki) to Guam or the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianna Islands, raspberry (Rubus idaeus), strawberry (Fragaria sp), tomato (Lycopersicum L.)– effective 15 March 2009, the time at port of entry in the USA.

Phytosanitary certificates must be issued not more than 15 days prior to export of the consignment.

Quarantine Pests

For a list of quarantine pests see Appendix 1. The scientific name and classification used is checked for accuracy against the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organisation (EPPO) Global database (https://gd.eppo.int/). Please note the scientific name remains as the definitive name. In addition, MPI will also include synonyms specified by the importing country for use on additional declarations. 

Quarantine pests for USA include organisms specified in Appendix 1 of this ICPR, additional declarations and/or import permit and categorised pest list (identified as actionable) refer link below
http://mpi.govt.nz/document-vault/118

Note: The pest listed in Appendix 1 represents well-documented organisms of greatest risk to the United States and is not an all-inclusive list of actionable pests. APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) may take quarantine action on organisms within the following higher taxa (url below) whether or not they are included on the pest list.

Shortcut to:
http://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/plant_imports/downloads/Qualstatement.pdf

The noxious weeds listed in Appendix 1 are prohibited from entry to the United States unless a written import permit has been issued.

Weed seeds – USA Federal noxious weed seeds are prohibited except under plant pest permit. Refer to USA Federal noxious weed list at
http://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/index.shtml

Also, USDA has listed some pests that are considered no longer regulated and have been re-categorized under the Federally Recognized State Managed Phytosanitary (FRSMP) Program as non-actionable at U.S. ports of entry. However, some pests will remain actionable at certain ports of entry in Hawaii, Puerto Rico or the U.S. territories of Guam, the US Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Federated States of Micronesia, Midway Islands, Northern Marianas Islands, Republic of Palau, and Republic of the Marshall Islands. To access the full list please follow the link below:

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/plant-pest-and-disease-programs/frsmp/ct_non-reg-pests

The following noxious weed seeds are allowed entry only when meeting the tolerances outlined in Table 1 of Sampling Rate for Seeds, Grains & Nuts for Sowing.

If fewer than two seeds are found in an initial examination, the shipment from which the sample was drawn may enter the USA without further sampling. If two seeds are found in an initial examination, a second sample must be examined. If two or fewer seeds are found in the second examination, the shipment from which the samples were drawn may enter the USA. If three or more seeds are found in the second examination, the shipment from which the samples were drawn will be rejected. If three or more seeds are found in an initial examination, the shipment from which the sample was drawn will be rejected.

  • Acroptilon repens syn. Centaurea repens syn. Centaurea picris
  • Cardaria draba
  • Cardaria pubescens
  • Convolvulus arvensis
  • Cirsium arvense
  • Elytrigia repens syn. Agropyron repens
  • Euphorbia esula
  • Sonchus arvensis
  • Sorghum halepense

MPI specified Maximum Pest Limits

Please note; for all commodities exported to the USA requiring MPI phytosanitary certificates, the following levels have been set by MPI to facilitate exports while still meeting the importing country’s minimum requirements for specified quarantine pests and soil.

Quarantine pests* specified by USA 0.5%
Soil (for all plant products excluding seed for sowing) 25g/600unit
Soil (seed for sowing)        
0.1% by weight

Ports of Entry

Consignments may only arrive, land or unload at ports which meet the following conditions:

  • approved customs / quarantine ports of entry
  • Agana, Guam
  • named in the import permit

Consignments requiring mandatory treatment upon arrival may not enter through either Guam or the Northern Mariana Islands

Nursery stock and seed for sowing which requires a written import permit may only be imported through the following ports:

  • Nogales, Arizona
  • Los Angles, San Diego and San Pedro, California
  • Miami and Orlando, Florida
  • Honolulu (Airport), Hawaii
  • New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Hoboken and Jamaica, New York
  • San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • Brownsville, El Paso and Houston, Texas
  • Seattle, Washington.

Transit Requirements

Consignments must comply with all USA quarantine requirements if landed in the USA.

Consignments transiting the USA which either do not meet the US import requirements or which would require mandatory treatment on arrival must be accompanied by a PPQ Transportation and Exportation Permit (T & E Permit). Importers can obtain a T&E Permit from USDA/APHIS-PPQ.

Transhipped shipments may require safeguarding measures as identified below:

Safeguard procedures to be implemented immediately upon off-loading include:

  • Sealable containers will be sealed with tape or tarped with heavy plastic for sealing. Self sealing containers need not be tarped unless damaged or openings are obvious.
  • Palleted cargo will be tarped with heavy plastic and sealed.
  • Loose shipments in boxes without holes may be allowed to be transhipped without safeguarding if transferred in less than one hour. If a time period of more than one hour expires they must be tarped while awaiting transfer.
  • Loose shipments in boxes with air holes will be tarped during off loading and while waiting transhipment.

Safeguard procedures to be implemented for breakdown at cargo shed:

  • Shipment safeguards as above
  • Boxes without holes, no action required
  • Boxes with holes: the holes must be sealed with tape or entire box encased in a plastic bag as they are removed from safeguarded containers or pallets.

For consignments of agricultural and horticultural products transiting Hawaii the carrier shall notify USDA Honolulu at least 3 hours in advance of arrival of the consignment.

Consignments may transit a third country en-route to the USA under the following conditions. Where conditions are not met, the consignment may be refused entry by the USDA upon entry to the USA.

  • the consignment may not be re-packed, stored, split or otherwise manipulated in the country it is transiting through
  • the consignment must be protected from contamination in the country which it transits.

Re-export Requirements

All consignments imported into New Zealand and subsequently re-exported to the USA must meet USA import requirements for product from both the country of origin and from New Zealand.

Inspection on Arrival

All consignments are subject to inspection at the port of first arrival. All seed will remain at the port until released by an USDA-APHIS inspector.

Sampling Rate

Sampling rates, where known, are provided under the commodity section.

Treatment information

The following link directs importers to the Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) treatment manual which is an operational guide for selecting and conducting quarantine treatments approved by APHIS. Listed treatments include chemical treatments such as fumigation with methyl bromide, and nonchemical treatments with heat, cold, or irradiation.

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/ports/downloads/treatment.pdf

Appendix 1. Quarantine Pest List Notified by USA

PEST TYPE

ORDER NAME

FAMILY NAME

GENUS AND SPECIES NAME

COMMON NAME

Insects

Coleoptera (beetles and weevils)

Bruchidae

Pachymerus nucleorum1

 

 

 

Cerambycidae

Anoplophora glabripennis

Asian long-horned beetle, basicosta white-spotted longicorn beetle, starry sky beetle

 

 

 

Phoracantha recurva1

yellow eucalyptus longicorn

 

 

Chrysomelidae

Exosoma lusitánica syn. Exora lusitanica

 

 

 

 

Trachymela sloanei1

Australian tortoise beetle

 

 

Curculionidae

Brachycerus spp.

 

 

 

 

Conotrachelus aguacatae

avocado weevil

 

 

 

Conotrachelus spp.

 

 

 

 

Copturus aguacatae

 

 

 

 

Cryptorhynchus mangiferae

mango nut weevil, mango weevil

 

 

 

Curculio elephas

chestnut weevil

 

 

 

Curculio nucum

hazelnut weevil

 

 

 

Elytroteinus subtruncatus

Fiji ginger weevil, Fiji lemon weevil

 

 

 

Euscepes postfasciatus

scarabee weevil, sweet potato weevil, West Indian sweet-potato weevil

 

 

 

Heilipus lauri

avocado seed weevil, avocado weevil

 

 

 

Listroderes subcinctus

 

 

 

 

Megalometis chilensis

 

 

 

 

Metamasius callizona1

 

 

 

 

Metamasius spp.

weevil

 

 

 

Naupactus xanthographus

South American fruit tree weevil

 

 

 

Polytus mellerborgii1

small banana weevil

 

 

 

Rhabdoscelus obscurus

grape curculio

 

 

 

Sternochetus mangiferae syn. Cryptorhynchus mangiferae

 

 

 

Dermestidae

Trogoderma granarium

khapra beetle

 

 

Elateridae

Conoderus rufangulus

 

 

 

Scarabaeidae

Adoretus sinicus

Chinese rose beetle

 

 

 

Adoretus spp.

 

 

 

 

Anomala sulcatula

 

 

 

 

Holotrichia mindanaona

 

 

 

 

Phyllophaga spp.syn. Phytalus spp.

 

 

 

 

Popillia japonica

 

 

 

Scolytidae

Dactylotrypes longicollis1

 

 

 

 

Hylurgus ligniperda1

golden-haired bark beetle

 

 

 

Hypothenemus hampei syn. Stephanoderes hampei syn. Stephanoderes coffeae

coffee berry borer, coffee seed borer

 

 

 

Tomicus piniperda1

Japanese pine engraver, larger pith borer, pine shoot beetle

 

 

 

Stephanoderes hampei syn. Hypothenemus hampei

coffee berry borer, coffee seed borer

 

 

 

Xyleborus spp.

 

 

Collembola (springtails)

Sminthuridae

Sminthurus viridus

lucerne flea

 

Diptera (flies)

Cecidomyiidae

Prodiplosis longifila1

bud midge, citrus gall midge

 

 

Tephritidae

Anastrepha fraterculus

South American fruit fly

 

 

 

Anastrepha grandis

South American fruit fly

 

 

 

Anastrepha ludens

Mexican fruit fly

 

 

 

Anastrepha obliqua syn. Anastrepha mombinpraeoptans

Antilean fruit fly; West Indian fruit fly

 

 

 

Anastrepha serpentina

Orange fruit fly

 

 

 

Anastrepha striata

guava fruit fly

 

 

 

Anastrepha suspensa

Fruit fly

 

 

 

Bactrocera cucurbitae syn. Dacus cucurbitae

melon fruit fly

 

 

 

Bactrocera dorsalis syn. Dacus dorsalis

oriental fruit fly

 

 

 

Bactrocera tryoni syn. Dacus tryoni

Queensland fruit fly

 

 

 

Ceratitis capitata

 

 

 

 

Ceratitis spp.

 

 

 

 

Pterandrus spp.

 

 

 

 

Toxotrypana curvicauda

papaya fruit fly

 

Hemiptera (aphids, scale and other bugs)

Aleyrodidae

Aleurocanthus spiniferus

citrus mealywing, citrus spiny whitefly, spiny blackfly

 

 

 

Aleyrodes proletella1   syn. Aleurodes proletella

cabbage whitefly

 

 

 

Neomaskellia bergii

 

 

 

 

Parabemisia myricae1

Japanese bayberry whitefly, myrica whitefly

 

 

 

Paraleyrodes bondari1

 

 

 

 

Singhiella simplex1

ficus whitefly, fig whitefly

 

 

Alydidae

Leptocorisa acuta

Asian rice bug, paddy bug, paddy fly

 

 

Aphalaridae

Ctenarytaina spatulata1

eucalyptus psyllid

 

 

Aphididae

Greenidea psidii1

 

 

 

 

Rhopalosiphum insertum1

apple-grass aphid, oat-apple aphid

 

 

Coccidae

Ceroplastes (formerly Vinsonia stellifera)1

glassy star scale, glossy scale

 

 

 

Ceroplastes sinensis1

Chinese wax scale

 

 

 

Coccus capparidis1

 

 

 

 

Philephedra lutea1

soft scale

 

 

Coreidae

Leptoglossus chilensis

 

 

 

Diaspididae

Acutaspis albopicta

 

 

 

 

Acutaspis aliena1

 

 

 

 

Acutaspis scutiformis1

 

 

 

 

Andaspis punicae1

 

 

 

 

Duplachionaspis divergens1

 

 

 

 

Fiorinia pinicola1

 

 

 

 

Furcaspis oceanica

 

 

 

Flatidae

Siphanta acuta1

 

 

 

Lygaeidae

Dieuches armatipes1

 

 

 

 

Nysius huttoni

wheat bug

 

 

Margaroridae

Icerya aegyptiaca

Egyptian fluted scale, Egyptian mealybug

 

 

Pentatomidae

Bagrada hilaris2

bagrada bug, painted bug

 

 

 

Oebalus insulares1 syn. Solubea insularis

 

 

 

Pseudococcidae

Ferrisia malvastra1

 

 

 

 

Palmicultor palmarum1

palm mealy bug

 

 

 

Phenococcus manihoti

 

 

 

 

Puto mexicanus1

 

 

 

Triozidae

Bactericera cockerelli

potato psyllid, tomato psyllid

 

Hymenoptera (wasps, bees and ants)

Apidae

Apis mellifera capensis

Cape bee, Cape honey bee

 

 

 

Apis mellifera scuttellata syn. Apis mellifera andansonii

African honey bee

 

 

Chrysididae

Chrysis spp.

 

 

 

Cynipidae

Dryocosmus kuriphilus

chestnut gall wasp, oriental chestnut gall wasp

 

 

Eulophidae

Quadrastichus erythrinae1

erythrina gall wasp

 

 

Formicidae

Solenopsis invicta

red imported fire ant

 

 

 

Solenopsis richteri

black imported fire ant

 

 

 

Solenopsis richteri X Solenopsis invicta hybrid

 

 

 

Megachilidae

Coelioxys spp.

 

 

Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies)

Carposinidae

Carposina niponensis

Peach fruit moth

 

 

Cossidae

Dyspessa ulula

garlic borer, garlic moth, onion carpenter worm

 

 

Crambidae

Chilo suppressalis

Asiatic rice borer, pale-headed striped borer, purple-lined borer

 

 

 

Conogethes punctiferalis

castor seed caterpillar, corn moth, peach pyralid

 

 

 

Maruca vitrata syn. Marcua testulalis

bean pod borer, lima bean pod borer, mung moth

 

 

 

Omphisa anastomosalis

sweet potato stem borer, sweet potato vine borer

 

 

 

Parapoynx diminutalis1

 

 

 

Gelechiidae

Pectinophora gossypiella

Pink cotton; Boll-worm

 

 

 

Pectinophora scutigera

pink-spotted bollworm, Queensland pink bollworm

 

 

Geometridae

Hemithea aestivaria1

emerald

 

 

Gracillariidae

Conopomorpha cramerella syn. Acrocercops cramella

 

 

 

Hyblaeidae

Hyblaea puera1

teak leaf defoliator

 

 

Lycaenidae

Lampides boeticus

long-tailed blue, lucerne blue butterfly, pea blue butterfly

 

 

Lymantriidae

Lymantria dispar

gypsy moth

 

 

Lyonetiidae

Leucoptera malifoliella

pear leaf blister moth, pear leaf miner

 

 

Noctuidae

Earias fabia

 

 

 

 

Prodenia litura

cluster caterpillar, cotton leafworm, cotton worm

 

 

Oecophoridae

Promalactis suzukiella1

 

 

 

 

Stenoma catenifer

avocado seed moth

 

 

Plutellidae

Acrolepiopsis assectella

leek moth

 

 

Tineidae

Opogona sacchari1

banana moth, sugarcane borer, sugarcane moth

 

 

Tortricidae

Adoxophyes orana

reticulated tortrix, smaller tea tortrix, summer fruit tortrix

 

 

 

Argyrotaenia pulchellana syn. Argyrotaenia ljungiana

grape tortrix moth, grey red-barred tortrix

 

 

 

Capua tortrix

 

 

 

 

Cryptophlebia leucotreta

citrus codling moth, false codling moth, orange codling moth

 

 

 

Cydia funebrana

plum fruit moth, plum fruit moth, red plum maggot

 

 

 

Cydia splendana syn. Laspeyresia splendana

 

 

 

 

Epiphyas postvittana

brownheaded leafroller

 

 

 

Hemimene juliana

chestnut leaf roller

 

 

 

Laspeyresia spp.

 

 

 

 

Lobesia botrana

European grapevine moth, grape berry moth, grape fruit moth

 

 

 

Pammene fasciana

chestnut leaf roller

 

 

 

Proeulia spp.

 

 

 

Yponomeutidae

Prays endocarpa

citrus rind borer

 

Prostigmata

Eriophyidae

Cosetacus camelliae1

 

 

Thysanoptera (thrips)

Phaleopthripidae

Haplothrips chinensis

 

 

 

Thripidae

Thrips obscuratus

New Zealand flower thrips

 

PEST TYPE

ORDER NAME

FAMILY NAME

GENUS AND SPECIES NAME

COMMON NAME

Arachnids (mites)

Acarida

Acarapidae

Acarapis woodi

 

 

 

Eriophyidae

Eriophyes gossypii syn. Acalitus gossypii

cotton blister mite, cotton leaf blister mite

 

 

 

Eriophyes litchii syn. Acalitus litchii

litchi mite

 

 

 

Euvarroa sinhai syn. Varroa sinhai

 

 

 

Laelapidae

Tropilaelaps clareae

 

 

 

Penthaleidae

Penthaleus major1

blue oat mite, grain spider mite, pea mite

 

 

Tenuipalpidae

Brevipalpus chilensis

 

 

 

Tetranychidae

Amphitetranychus viennensis syn. Tetranychus viennensis

hawthorn spider mite, sweet-cherry spider mite

 

 

 

Mononychellus tanajoa

cassava green mite, cassava mite

 

 

Varroidae

Varroa jacobsoni

 

 

PEST TYPE

ORDER NAME

FAMILY NAME

GENUS AND SPECIES NAME

COMMON NAME

Nematodes (round worms)

Tylenchida

Criconematidae

Hemicycliophora typica

 

 

 

Heteroderidae

Heterodera cruciferae

Crucifer cyst nematode

 

 

 

Globodera pallida

White cyst nematode

 

 

 

Globodera rostochiensis syn. Heterodera rostochiensis

Golden cyst nematode

 

 

Scutellonema

Scutellonema bradys

lesion nematode, yam nematode

 

PEST TYPE

ORDER NAME

FAMILY NAME

GENUS AND SPECIES NAME

COMMON NAME

Bacterial diseases

Acholeplasmatales

Acholeplasmataceae

Grapevine yellows disease bacterium

 

 

Bacillales

Paenibacillaceae

Bacillus spp. (associated with beekeeping and honey production)

 

 

Enterobacteriales

Enterobacteriaceae

Erwinia salicis

vascular wilt of willow, watermark disease of willow

 

Pseudomonadales

Pseudomonadaceae

Pseudomonas lignicola

bacterial stain

 

Rhizobiales

Phyllobacteriaceae

Liberibacter africanus

greening of citrus

 

 

 

Liberibacter asiaticus

blotchy mottle disease of citrus

 

Unassigned

Unassigned

Grapevine infectious necrosis bacterium

 

 

 

 

Potato leaflet stunt

 

 

 

 

Wheat yellowing stripe bacterium

 

 

Xanthomonadales

Xanthomonadaceae

Xanthomonas acernea

bacterial blight of anthurium, bacterial blight of aroids, tip burn of philodendron

 

 

 

Xanthomonas ampelina

 

 

 

 

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri syn. Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri

Asiatic canker, Asiatic citrus canker (A strains), bacterial canker of citrus

 

 

 

Xanthomonas campestris pv oryzicola

bacterial leaf streak of rice, bLS

 

 

 

Xanthomonas campestris pv vasculorum syn. Xanthomonas vasculorum

 

 

 

 

Xanthomonas citri syn. Xanthomonas campestris pv.aurantifolii

 

 

 

 

Xanthomonas manihotis

 

 

 

 

Xanthomonas populi

 

 

PEST TYPE

ORDER NAME

FAMILY NAME

GENUS AND SPECIES NAME

COMMON NAME

Phytoplasma

Acholeplasmatales

Acholeplasmataceae

Apple proliferation

 

 

 

 

Australian grapevine yellows

AUSGY, Australian grapevine yellows, Australian yellows of grapevine

 

 

 

Phytoplasma solani

Black wood

 

 

 

European aster yellows

 

 

 

 

European stone fruit yellows syn. Apricot chlorotic leaf roll

 

 

 

 

Flavescence-doree

 

 

 

 

Grapevine vein yellows and leaf roll

 

 

 

 

Grapevine vergelbungskrankheit

 

 

 

 

Groundnut witches broom

 

 

 

 

Phytoplasma asteris

Mulberry dwarf

 

 

 

Parastolbur

 

 

 

 

Potato marginal flavescence

 

 

 

 

Potato purple top roll

 

 

 

 

Potato witches broom (European and Asian pathogens)

 

 

 

 

Rice yellow dwarf

 

 

 

 

Rubus stunt

 

 

 

 

Stolbur

 

 

 

 

Sugarcane white leaf phytoplasma

 

 

 

 

Sweetpotato witches broom (little leaf)

 

 

PEST TYPE

ORDER NAME

FAMILY NAME

GENUS NAME

SPECIES NAME

Viral diseases

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Cytorhabdovirus

Barley yellow striate mosaic virus

 

 

 

Cytorhabdovirus

Northern cereal mosaic virus

 

 

 

Nucleorhabdovirus

Cereal chlorotic mosaic virus

 

 

 

Nucleorhabdovirus

Iranian maize mosaic virus

 

 

 

Rhabdovirus

Alfalfa enation virus

 

Picornavirales

Dicistroviridae

Cripavirus

Kashmir virus (associated with honeybees)

 

 

Secoviridae

Comovirus

Andean potato mottle virus

 

 

 

Cheravirus

Arracacha Virus B

 

 

 

Comovirus

Red clover mottle virus

 

 

 

Nepovirus

Arabis mosaic virus and its strains

 

 

 

Nepovirus

Artichoke Italian latent virus

 

 

 

 

Cocoa necrosis virus

 

 

 

 

Grapevine Bulgarian latent virus

 

 

 

 

Grapevine Tunisian ringspot virus

 

 

 

 

Hungarian chrome mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Potato virus U

 

 

 

 

Raspberry ringspot virus and its strains

 

 

 

 

Tobacco ringspot virus (Andean potato calico strain)

 

 

 

 

Tomato blackring virus and its strains

 

 

 

Sadwavirus

Lucerne Australian symptomless virus

 

 

 

Torradovirus

Tomato torrado virus

 

 

 

Unassigned

Strawberry latent ringspot virus and its stains

 

Tymovirales

Alphaflexiviridae

Potexvirus

Cassava common mosaic virus

 

 

Betaflexiviridae

Carlavirus

Cowpea mild mottle virus

 

 

 

Tepovirus

Potato virus T

 

 

 

Trichovirus

Grapevine berry inner necrosis virus

 

 

Tymoviridae

Tymovirus

Andean potato latent virus

 

 

 

 

Cocoa yellow mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Dulcamara mottle virus

 

 

 

 

Okra mosaic virus

 

Unassigned

Bromoviridae

Ilarvirus

Elm mottle virus

 

 

 

 

Potato yellowing virus

 

 

Bunyaviridae

Tospovirus

Groundnut chlorotic leaf streak virus

 

 

Caulimoviridae

Badnavirus

Banana streak virus

 

 

 

 

Cocoa mottle leaf virus

 

 

 

 

Cocoa swollen shoot virus

 

 

 

Tungrovirus

Rice tungro virus

 

 

Closteroviridae

Ampelovirus

Plum bark split virus

 

 

 

Crinivirus

Potato yellow vein virus

 

 

 

Clostrovirus

Wheat yellow leaf virus

 

 

Comoviridae

Nepovirus

Black currant reversion virus

 

 

 

 

Lucerne vein yellowing virus

 

 

Geminiviridae

Begomovirus

Bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Cassava African mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Cassava latent virus

 

 

 

 

Cotton leaf curl virus

 

 

 

 

Horsegram yellow mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Tomato severe leaf curl virus

 

 

 

Mastrevirus

Maize streak virus

 

 

Luteoviridae

Unassigned

Indonesian soybean dwarf virus

 

 

Potyviridae

Bymovirus

Barley yellow mosaic virus

 

 

 

Ipomovirus

Cassava brown streak virus

 

 

 

Potyvirus

Azuki bean mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Datura Colombian virus

 

 

 

 

Datura distortion virus

 

 

 

 

Datura enation mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Lima bean mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Mung bean yellow mosaic virus

 

 

 

 

Plum pox virus syn. Sharka virus

 

 

 

 

Potato virus V

 

 

 

 

Potato virus Y, tobacco veinal necrosis strain

 

 

 

Tritimovirus

Brome streak mosaic virus

 

 

Reorviridae

Fijivirus

Maize rough dwarf virus

 

 

 

 

Oat sterile dwarf virus

 

 

 

Oryzavirus

Echinochloa ragged stunt virus

 

 

 

Phytoreovirus

Rice dwarf virus

 

 

 

 

Rice gall dwarf virus

 

 

Tombusviridae

Panicovirus

Cocksfoot mild mosaic virus

 

 

 

Tombusvirus

Grapevine Algerian latent virus

 

 

 

Umbavirus

Groundnut rosette viruses

 

 

Unassigned

Sobemovirus

Cynosurus mottle virus

 

 

 

 

Rice yellow mottle virus

 

 

 

Tenuivirus

European wheat striate mosaic virus

 

 

 

Tenuivirus

Rice wilted stunt virus

 

 

 

Unassigned

Cynodon chlorotic streak virus

 

 

 

Unassigned

French bean mosaic virus

 

 

 

Unassigned

Groundnut chlorotic spotting virus

 

 

 

Unassigned

Maize mottle/chlorotic stunt virus

 

 

 

Unassigned

Oat red streak mosaic virus

 

 

Virgaviridae

Pecluvirus

Indian peanut clump virus

 

 

 

 

Peanut clump virus

 

 

 

Pomovirus

Potato mop top virus

 

PEST TYPE

ORDER NAME

FAMILY NAME

GENUS AND SPECIES NAME

COMMON NAME

Agents

Picornavirales

Secoviridae

Nepovirus

Grapevine Bratislava mosaic agent

 

Tymovirales

Betaflexiviridae

Carlavirus

Euonymus mosaic agents

 

 

 

Trichovirus

Quince sooty ringspot agent

 

 

 

 

Quince stunt agent

 

 

 

 

Quince yellow blotch agent

 

 

Tymoviridae

Maculavirus

Grapevine chasselas latent agent

 

 

 

Tymovirus

Okra mosaic agents

 

Unassigned

Bromoviridae

Ilarvirus

Chlorotic ringspot agent (associated with Jasminum spp.)

 

 

Geminiviridae

Begomovirus

Hibiscus leaf curl agent

 

 

Pospiviroidae

Apscaviroid

Pear blister canker viroid

 

 

 

Cocaviroid

Coconut cadang-cadang viroid

 

 

Unassigned

Unassigned

African soybean dwarf agent

 

 

 

 

Apple ringspot agent

 

 

 

 

Cherry rusty mottle (European) agent

 

 

 

 

Cotton anthocyanosis agent

 

 

 

 

Cotton small leaf agent

 

 

 

 

Cotton virescence

 

 

 

 

Grapevine little leaf agent

 

 

 

 

Grapevine vein mosaic agent

 

 

 

 

Grapevine vein necrosis agent

 

 

 

 

Horsechestnut variegation agent

 

 

 

 

Horsechestnut yellow mosaic agent

 

 

 

 

Jasmine variegation agents

 

 

 

 

Ligustrum mosaic agents

 

 

 

 

Maple mosaic agent

 

 

 

 

Maple variegation agent

 

 

 

 

Mountain ash ringspot mosaic agent

 

 

 

 

Mountain ash variegation agent

 

 

 

 

Mulberry mosaic agent

 

 

 

 

Okra yellow leaf curl agent

 

 

 

 

Pear bud drop agent

 

 

 

 

Phyllody agent (associated with Jasminum spp.)

 

 

 

 

Rose wilt agent

 

 

 

 

Sampaguita yellow ringspot mosaic agent

 

 

 

 

Yellow ring mosaic agent (associated with Jasminum spp.)

 

PEST TYPE

ORDER NAME

FAMILY NAME

GENUS AND SPECIES NAME

COMMON NAME

Fungal disease

Agaricales

Tricholomataceae

Crinipellis perniciosa

witches' broom of cocoa

 

 

 

Moniliophthora rorei syn. Monilia roreri

frosty pod rot of cocoa, pod rot of cocoa, quevedo disease

 

Botryosphaeriales

Phyllostictaceae

Guignardia piricola

Black rot

 

Capnodiales

Mycosphaerellaceae

Cercospora batatae

Blight

 

 

 

Septoria melanosa

blight of tomato, leaf spot of tomato

 

Ceratobasidiales

Ceratobasidiaceae

Oncobasidum theobromae

Vascular streak dieback (VSD)

 

Chaetothyriales

Herpotriachiellaceae

Phialophora cinerescens syn. Verticillium cinerescens

wilt of carnation

 

Chytridiales

Synchtriaceae

Synchytrium endobioticum

black scab of potato, black wart of potato, wart disease of potato

 

Diaporthales

Diaporthaceae

Diaporthe mali

bark canker of pome fruit, dieback of conifers, rough bark of apple

 

Dothideales

Unassigned

Stigmina deflectens

needle cast of juniper

 

Entomophthorales

Entomophthoraceae

Entomophthora spp.

 

 

Georgefischeriales

Eballistraceae

Entyloma oryzae syn. Eballistra oryzae

leaf smut of rice, leaf spot of rice

 

Helotiales

Hyaloscyphaceae

Lachnellula willkommii

stem canker of larch

 

 

Sclerotiniaceae

Monilinia fructigena

blossom blight of fruit trees, brown rot of fruits, spur canker of fruit trees

 

 

Phacidiaceae

Phacidiopycnis pseudotsuga

bark canker of conifers, twig dieback of conifers

 

 

Dermateaceae

Pseudopezicula tracheiphila syn. Pseudopeziza tracheiphila

red fire disease of grapevine, rotbrenner disease of grapevine

 

 

 

Rhacodiella vitis

spotted necrosis of grapevine

 

Hypocreales

Cordycipitaceae

Beauveria spp.

 

 

 

 

Cordyceps spp.

 

 

 

Nectriaceae

Fusarium fuliginosporum

 

 

Microascales

Ceratocystidaceae

Ceratocystis fimbriata, cocoa isolates

black rot of sweet potato, blight of mango, canker of coffee

 

Myriangiales

Elsinoaceae

Elsinoe australis

scab of sweet orange

 

 

Elsinoaceae

Elsinoe batatas

 

 

Peronosporales

Peronosporaceae

Peronosclerospora maydis syn. Peronospora maydis

downy mildew of maize

 

 

 

Peronosclerospora sacchari syn. Sclerospora sacchari

Sugarcane downy mildew

 

 

 

Peronospora digitalis1

 

 

 

 

Phytophthora alni

ink disease of chestnut

 

 

 

Phytophthora fragariae (foreign strains)

lanarkshire disease of strawberry, red core of strawberry, red stele of strawberry

 

Pleosporales

Melanommataceae

Melanomma glumarum

glume blotch of rice

 

 

Phaeosphaeriaceae

Phaeosphaeria maydis1

phaeosphaeria leaf spot of maize

 

Pucciniales

Chaconiaceae

Hemileia vastatrix

 

 

 

Coleosporiaceae

Chrysomyxa abietis

needle rust of fir, needle rust of spruce

 

 

 

Chrysomyxa himalensis

needle rust of spruce, rust: spruce

 

 

 

Chrysomyxa ledi var. rhododendri

 

 

 

Cronortiaceae

Cronartium flaccidium

blister rust of Scots pine, resin canker of pine

 

 

Pileolariaceae

Uromycladium tepperianum

rust of acacia

 

 

Pucciniaceae

Gymnosporangium asiaticum

leaf rust of Japanese pear, leaf rust of juniper

 

 

 

Pucciania kuehnii1

orange rust of sugarcane, rust of sugarcane

 

 

 

Puccinia gladioli

rust of gladiolus

 

 

 

Puccinia horiana

 

 

 

 

Puccinia mccleanii

 

 

 

 

Uromyces gladioli syn. Urocystis gladiolicola

smut of gladiolus

 

 

 

Uromyces nyikensis

rust of gladiolus

 

 

 

Uromyces transversalis

rust of gladiolus

 

 

Pucciniastraceae

Pucciniastrum actinidae

rust of kiwi

 

 

 

Pucciniastrum areolatum

blister rust of pine, cherry/spruce rust

 

 

Unassigned

Aecidium hydrangeae-paniculatea

rust of hydrangea

 

 

 

Aecidium mori

red rust of mullberry

 

 

 

Uredo dioscoreae-alatae

rust of yam

 

 

 

Uredo gladioli-buettneri

rust of gladiolus

 

Pythiales

Pythiaceae

Trachysphaera fructigena

cigar-end disease of banana, fruit rot of banana, mealy pod of cocoa

 

Russulales

Stereaceae

Stereum hiugense

white rot

 

Tilletiales

Tilletiaceae

Tilletia indica syn. Neovossia indica

Indian bunt of wheat, karnal bunt of wheat, partial bunt of wheat

 

Unassigned

Unassigned

Oospora oryzetorum

 

 

Urocystidales

Urocystidaceae

Urocystis agropyri (foreign strains)

flag smut of grasses, flag smut of wheat

 

 

 

Urocystis tritici syn. Urocystis agropyri

flag smut of grasses, flag smut of wheat

 

Xylariales

Amphisphaeriaceae

Pestalotiopsis disseminata syn. Pestalotia disseminata

leaf spot of eucalyptus

 

 

Xyliaraceae

Rosellinia necratrix

White root rot; Grey rust

 

PEST TYPE

ORDER NAME

FAMILY NAME

GENUS AND SPECIES NAME

COMMON NAME

Aquatic Weeds

Alismatales

Hydrocharitaceae

Hydrilla verticillata

Florida elodea, Esthwaite waterweed

 

 

 

Lagarosiphon major

African elodea, coarse oxygen weed

 

 

 

Ottelia alismoides

duck lettuce, ottelia, water plantain

 

 

Alismataceae

Sagittaria sagittifolia

arrowhead, Old World arrowhead, water archer

 

Bryopsidales

Caulerpaceae

Caulerpa taxifolia

caulerpa, killer alga

 

Commelinales

Pontederiaceae

Eichhornia azurea

anchored water hyacinth, peacock hyacinth

 

 

 

Monochoria hastata

arrow-leaved monochoria

 

 

 

Monochoria vaginalis syn. Monochoria vaginalis var. pauciflora syn. Pontederia vaginalis

heartshape false pickerelweed, monochoria

 

Lamiales

Acanthaceae

Hygrophila polysperma

Indian swampweed, miramar weed, Indian hygrophila

 

Myrtales

Myrtaceae

Melaleuca quinquenervia syn. Melaleuca leucadendron

cajeput, paperbark tree, niaouli

 

Poales

Typhaceae

Sparganium erectum syn. Sparganium chlorocarpum

branched bur-reed, common bur-reed

 

Salviniales

Salviniaceae

Azolla pinnata

African azolla, feathered mosquito fern

 

 

 

Salvinia auriculata syn. Salvinia rotundifolia

eared salvinia

 

 

 

Salvinia biloba

 

 

 

 

Salvinia herzogii

 

 

 

 

Salvinia molesta

 

 

Solanales

Convulvolaceae

Ipomoea aquatica syn. Ipomoea reptans

swamp cabbage, potato vine, swamp morning glory

 

PEST TYPE

ORDER NAME

FAMILY NAME

GENUS AND SPECIES NAME

COMMON NAME

Terrestrial Weeds

Apiales

Apiaceae

Heracleum mantegazzianum

cartwheel flower, giant cow parsnip, Siberian cow-parsnip

 

Asparagales

Xanthorrhoeaceae

Asphodelus fistulosus

onionweed, hollow-stemmed asphodel

 

Asterales

Asteraceae

Ageratina adenophora syn. Eupatorium adenophorum

Mexican devil

 

 

 

Carthamus oxyacanthus

carthamus, wild safflower

 

 

 

Crupina vulgaris

starry scabious, bearded creeper, common crupina

 

 

 

Mikania cordata

African mile-a-minute

 

 

 

Mikania micrantha

Mexican daisy, Mexican fleabane

 

 

 

Tridax procumbens

tridax daisy, coat buttons

 

Caryophyllales

Amaranthaceae

Achyranthes sessilis syn. Alternanthera glabra syn.Gomphrena sessilis

sessile alligator weed, sessile joyweed, sessile-flower globe amaranth

 

 

 

Alternanthera sessilis syn. Eupatorium glandulosum

sticky snakewort, Crofton weed, white thoroughwort

 

 

Caryophyllaceae

Drymaria arenarioides

lightning weed, sandwort drymary

 

 

Polygonaceae

Emex australis

Cape spinach, devil's thorn, southern three-corner jack

 

 

 

Emex spinosa syn. Rumex spinosus

Cape spinach, devil's thorn, southern three-corner jack

 

 

Cactaceae

Opuntia aurantiaca

jointed cactus, jointed prickly pear, tiger pear

 

 

Amaranthaceae

Salsola vermiculata

wormleaf salsola, Mediterranean saltwort

 

Commelinales

Commelinaceae

Commelina benghalensis

Bengal day flower, hairy wandering-jew, tropical spiderwort

 

Fabales

Fabaceae

Galega officinalis

common goat's rue, French lilac, goat's rue

 

 

 

Mimosa diplotricha syn. Mimosa invisa

giant sensitive plant

 

 

 

Mimosa pigra var. pigra

bushy sensitive plant, catclaw mimosa, thorny sensitive plant

 

 

 

Prosopis alpataco

alapataco, alpataco

 

 

 

Prosopis argentina

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis articulata

 

 

 

 

Prosopis burkartii

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis caldenia

calden

 

 

 

Prosopis calingastana

 

 

 

 

Prosopis campestris

 

 

 

 

Prosopis castellanosii

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis denudans

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis elata

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis farcta syn. Prosopis stephaniana

Syrian mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis ferox

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis fiebrigii

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis hassleri

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis humilis

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis kuntzei

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis pallida syn. Prosopis limensis

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis palmeri

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis reptans var. reptans

 

 

 

 

Prosopis rojasiana

mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis ruizlealii

 

 

 

 

Prosopis ruscifolia

 

 

 

 

Prosopis sericantha

albardon

 

 

 

Prosopis strombulifera

creeping mesquite

 

 

 

Prosopis torquata

mesquite

 

Gentianales

Rubiaceae

Spermacoce alata syn. Borreria latifolia syn. Borreria alata

squareweed, broadleaf buttonweed

 

Lamiales

Plantaginaceae

Limnophila sessiliflora

limnophila

 

Myrtales

Melastomataceae

Melastoma malabathricum

Singapore rhododendron, Banks melastoma

 

Poales

Poaceae

Avena sterilis syn. Avena ludoviciana

winter wild oat

 

 

 

Chrysopogon aciculatus

Mackie's pest, pilipiliula

 

 

 

Digitaria abyssinica syn. Digitaria scalarum

 

 

 

 

Digitaria velutina syn. Phalaris velutina

 

 

 

 

Imperata brasiliensis

Brazilian satintail, housegrass, Brazilian satintail

 

 

 

Imperata cylindrica syn. Lagurus cylindricus

blady grass, cogongrass, lalang

 

 

 

Ischaemum rugosum

saramolla grass, winkle grass

 

 

 

Leptochloa chinensis

Asian sprangletop, Chinese sprangletop

 

 

 

Nassella trichotoma

serrated tussockgrass, nassella tussockgrass

 

 

 

Oryza longistaminata

long-stamen rice, red rice, wild rice

 

 

 

Oryza punctata

red rice, wild rice

 

 

 

Oryza rufipogon

brown-beard rice, wild red rice

 

 

 

Paspalum scrobiculatum syn. Paspalum orbiculare

ditch millet, ricegrass paspalum

 

 

 

Pennisetum clandestinum

kikuyugrass

 

 

 

Pennisetum macrourum

African feathergrass

 

 

 

Pennisetum pedicellatum

deenanathgrass, kyasumagrass

 

 

 

Pennisetum polystachion syn. Pennisetum setosum

missiongrass, thin napiergrass

 

 

 

Rottboellia cochinchinensis syn. Aegilops exaltata syn. Manisuris exaltata syn. Rottboellia exaltata

Itch grass, kokoma grass

 

 

 

Saccharum spontaneum

shatter cane, sweet cane, talahibgrass

 

 

 

Setaria pallidefusca

Queensland pigeongrass, cat-tail grass

 

 

 

Urochloa panicoides

garden urochloa, liverseedgrass

 

Rosales

Rosaceae

Rubus fruticosus (complex)

 

 

 

 

Rubus moluccanus

 

 

Solanales

Solanaceae

Lycium ferocissimum

African boxthorn

 

 

 

Solanum tampicense

wetland nightshade

 

 

 

Solanum torvum syn. Solanum ficifolium

gully bean, devil's fig, turkeyberry

 

 

 

Solanum viarum

tropical soda apple

 

PEST TYPE

ORDER NAME

FAMILY NAME

GENUS AND SPECIES NAME

COMMON NAME

Parasitic Weeds

Lamiales

Orobanchaceae

Aeginetia spp.

 

 

 

 

Alectra spp.

 

 

 

 

Orobanche spp. other than
O. bulbosa, O. californica, O. cooperi, O. corymbosa, O. dugesii, O. fasciulata, O. ludoviciana, O. multicaulis, O. parishii, O. pinorum, O. uniflora, O. valida and O. vallicola.

 

 

 

 

Striga spp.

 

 

Solanales

Convulvolaceae

Cuscuta spp. other than C. americana, C. applanata, C. approximata, C. attenuata, C. boldinghii, C. brachycalyx, C. californica, C. campestris, C. cassytoides, C. ceanothi, C. cephalanthii, C. compacta, C. corylii, C. cuspidata, C. decipiens, C. dentatasquamata, C. denticulata, C.  epilinum, C. epithymum, C. erosa, C. europaea, C. exalta, C. fasiculata, C. glabrior, C. globulosa, C. glomerata, C. gronovii, C. harperii, C. howelliana, C. indecora, C. jepsonii, C. leptantha, C. mitriformis, C. nevadensis, C. obtusiflora, C. occidentalis, C. odontolepis, C. pentagona, C. planiflora, C. plattensis, C. polygonorum, C. rostrata, C. runyonii, C. salina, C. sandwichiana, C. squamata, C. suaveolens, C. suksdorfii, C. tuberculata, C. umbellata, C. umbrosa, C. vetchii and C. warneri

American dodder

Parasitic plant seeds-prohibited except under plant pest permit (see 2.2.4)

[1] Not a quarantine pest for Continental United States but maybe for other States/US territories, refer to List of Pests No Longer Regulated at USA Ports of Entry (https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/plant-pest-and-disease-programs/frsmp/ct_non-reg-pests)

[2] Quarantine pest for the state of Florida only

Source: Scientific name and classification used was checked for accuracy against the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organisation (EPPO) Global database (https://gd.eppo.int/), 19 May 2016

Last updated: 30 May 2016

Disclaimer

The information in this standard is provided on the following basis. The phytosanitary requirements found in this standard may be used as the basis of export certification. However, requirements may be changed by importing countries at any time at short notice or with no notice to New Zealand. This information is provided strictly on the basis that the Crown, the Ministry of Agriculture & Forestry, its statutory offices, employees, agents and all other persons responsible for or associated with the compilation, writing, editing, approval, or publication of the imformation:

1. disclaim any and all responsibility for any inaccuracy, error, omission, lateness, or any other kind of inadequacy, deficiency or flaw in, or in relation to, the information; and

2. without limiting (1) above, fully exclude any and all liability of any kind on the part of all of them, to any person or entity that chooses to rely on this information

Compliance with this standard is not to be taken as a guarantee that any particular goods will be granted access to any overseas market.