Citrus to the United States of America
Common Name: Citrus
Conditions: Plant import permit and phytosanitary certificate with additional declaration required. Additional declaration:
"Fruit is free from Cnephasia jactatana, Coscinoptycha improbana, Ctenopseustis obliquana, Epiphyas postvittana, Pezothrips kellyanus, and Planotortrix excessana”.
Note: Sampling method used by USDA.
Fruit must undergo a port of entry inspection with a biometric sampling of 100 percent of 30 boxes selected randomly from each shipment; and the randomly selected boxes must be examined for hitchhiking pests.
Fresh Fruit and Vegetables to the United States of America
- All consignments must be free from leaves, twigs, or other portions of plants, plant litter or rubbish (as distinguished from clean fruits and vegetables).
- Commodities requiring mandatory treatment upon entry may not enter either Guam or the Northern Mariana Islands
- If commodities are not listed in section 4.1.1 please contact MPI to determine export requirements.
United States of America General Requirements
To help Plant Exports process your email please record in the subject line of your email descriptive keywords which are relevant to your enquiry i.e. ICPR enquiry-Country-specific details.
For urgent enquiries phone, fax or email the Plant Exports Group
- Telephone: +64 4 894 5693 Fax : +64 4 894 0733; or
- Email: email@example.com
The requirements listed in this ICPR apply to product of New Zealand only, unless specifically stated.
As there are no New Zealand legislative requirements for certification of exported plant products, the technical phytosanitary requirements are determined by the importing country for plant produce being imported into their country. In this respect, ICPRs are MPI’s summary of the importing country’s legal requirements and thus forms a basis upon which export phytosanitary certification is provided.
Where an importing country operates on the basis of issuing import permits to their importers, the import permit conditions take precedence over any technical conditions contained in the MPI ICPR for that country.
This standard specifies the USA’s phytosanitary import requirements for plant products being exported from New Zealand. If a commodity or commodity group is not identified within this ICPR exporters should contact:
- USA directly to ascertain requirements
- Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) - Plant Exports
Please note, the determination and provision of phytosanitary requirements, for a commodity not identified within an ICPR, is undertaken on a cost recovery basis. A link to the list of Plant Exports Fees and Charges is available on http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/regs/exports/plants/fees
Users of this document are strongly advised to review all sections of the ICPR for the determination of a commodity’s phytosanitary requirements.
United States phytosanitary requirements are documented in the following legislation:
- The Plant Quarantine Act of 1912
- The Federal Seed Act of 1939
- The Federal Plant Pest Act of 1957
- The Federal Noxious Weed Act of 1974
Regulations under these Acts are contained within the United States of America's Code of Federal Regulations (various editions), which can be viewed at the link below:
Agricultural seed Kinds and varieties of grass, forage, and field crop seed that are used for seeding purposes in the United States:
Coated seed Any seed unit covered with any substance that changes the size, shape, or weight of the original seed. Seeds coated with ingredients such as, but not limited to, rhizobia, dyes, and pesticides are excluded.
Declaration A written statement of a grower, shipper, processor, dealer, or importer giving for any lot of seed the kind, variety, type, origin, or the use for which the seed is intended.
Guam Where used this includes the islands of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
Herbaceous Plants having little or no woody tissue and persisting, usually, for a single growing season.
H. Perennial A plant that has the top growth dying down annually, but where the crown, roots, bulbs, or rhizomes survive the winter.
Hybrid When applied to kinds or varieties of seed means the first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling the pollination and by combining two or more inbred lines; one inbred or a single cross with an open- pollinated variety; or two selected clones, seed lines, varieties, or species. "Controlling the pollination” means to use a method of hybridization that will produce pure seed that is at least 75 percent hybrid seed. Hybrid designations shall be treated as variety names.
Kind One or more related species or subspecies that singly or collectively is known by one common name, e.g., soybean, flax, or carrot.
Lot of seed A definite quantity of seed identified by a lot number, every portion or bag of which is uniform, within permitted tolerances, for the factors that appear in the labelling.
Mixture Seeds consisting of more than one kind or variety, each present in excess of 5 percent of the whole.
Pelleted seed Any seed unit covered with a substance that changes the size, shape, or weight of the original seed in order to improve the “plantability” or “singulation” of the seed.
Shrub A woody plant of relatively low height, distinguished from a tree by having several stems rather than a single trunk.
Transhipment A shipment brought in to the USA from a foreign port for:
- Off-loading and shipping to another US destination on the same or another airline,
- Off-loading for shipment to another country,
- Off-loading for breakdown and shipment to multiple destinations, or
- Temporary off-loading for re-positioning.
Vegetable Seed Kinds and varieties that are or may be grown in gardens or on truck farms and are or may be generally known and sold under the name of vegetable seed.
|Scientific Name||Common Name||Plant Part Prohibited|
|Abies spp.||Fir||Cut flowers / foliage & nursery stock|
|Acacia spp.||Wattles||Nursery stock|
|Actinidia spp.||Kiwifruit||Plants for planting (including pollen but excluding fruit and seed)|
|Adonia spp.||Nursery stock|
|Aegilops spp.||Goatgrass||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Aesculus spp.||Horse Chestnut||Plants for planting excluding seed (temporary prohibition pending a pest risk analysis)|
|Aiphanes spp.||Spine palm||Nursery stock|
|Allagoptera arenaria||Alligator weed||Nursery stock|
|Alnus spp.||Alder||Plants for planting, except seed|
|Andropogon sorghum||Sorghum||All parts (unless processed)|
|Andropogon halepensis||Johnson grass||All parts (unless processed)|
|Apium graveolens||Celery||Fresh vegetable*|
|Areca spp.||Betel Palm||Nursery stock|
|Arenga spp.||Sugar palm||Nursery stock|
|Arikuryroba spp.||Arikury Palm||Nursery stock|
|Arum spp.||Arum||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Aurantioideae||Citrus||All except seed* and fruit|
|Bambuseae||Bamboo||Cut flowers/foliage, nursery stock & seed*|
|Berberis spp.||Barberry||Nursery stock & seed|
|Borassus spp.||Palmyra palm||Nursery stock|
|Boronia spp.||Boronia||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Brassica napus var. napobrassica||Swede||Fresh vegetable*|
|Capsicum spp.||Plants for planting, except seed|
|Caryota spp.||Fishtail Palm||Nursery stock|
|Castanea spp.||Chestnut||Nursery stock|
|Cedrus spp.||Cedar||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Chaenomeles spp.||Flowering quince||Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock|
|Chenopodium spp.||Plants for planting, except seed|
|Chionachne spp.||Chionachne||All parts (unless processed)|
|Chrysalidocarpus spp.||Butterfly palm||Nursery stock|
|Chrysanthemum spp.||Chrysanthemum||Nursery stock|
|Citrus spp. of the families Aurantioideae, Rutoideae and Toddalioideae.||Citrus||All except seed* and fruit|
|Coccinia grandis||Ivy gourd||Fresh fruit*|
|Cocos spp.||Coconut||Nursery stock & seed|
|Coffea spp. (with berries)||Coffee||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Coix lachryma-jobi||Job’s Tears||All (unless processed)|
|Corypha spp.||Corypha||Nursery stock|
|Cydonia spp.||Quince||Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock|
|Cynara spp.||Artichoke||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Dendranthema spp.||Chrysanthemum||Nursery stock|
|Dictyosoperma spp.||Princess Palm||Nursery stock|
|Diospyros kaki||Persimmon||Fresh fruit*|
|Elaeis spp.||Oil palms||Nursery stock|
|Erianthus spp.||Plume grass||Nursery stock|
|Eriobotrya japonica||Loquat||Fresh fruit*|
|Eucalyptus spp.||Eucalyptus||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Euchlaena luxurians||Teosinte||All (unless processed)|
|Fabaceae (herbaceous species only)||Nursery stock|
|Fragaria spp.||Strawberry||Nursery stock|
|Botanical fruit associated with Fresh cut fllowers and foliage||Botanical fruit unless allowed entry as fruit or vegetables|
|Gaussia spp.||Nursery stock|
|Gossypium spp.||Cotton||Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock*|
|Halogetum spp.||Plants for planting, except seed|
|Hippophae spp.||Buckthorn||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Hypericum spp.||St Johns wort||Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock|
|Hypophorbe spp.||Palm||Nursery stock|
|Ipomoea spp.||Sweet potato||Nursery stock & fresh vegetable|
|Juniperus spp.||Juniper||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Latania spp.||Nursery stock|
|Larix spp.||Larch||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Lepidium spp. (synonyms Senebiera and Coronopus spp.)||Plants for planting, except seed|
|Leptochloa spp.||Sprangle top||Seed|
|Ligustrum spp.||Privet||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Livistona spp.||Fan palm||Nursery stock|
|Loranthaceae||Mistletoe||Fresh fruit (berries)|
|Lycopersicon spp.||Plants for planting, except seed|
|Mahoberberis spp.||Nursery stock & seed|
|Mahonia spp.||Nursery stock & seed|
|Malus spp.||Apple||Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock|
|Malva spp.||Plants for planting, except seed|
|Manihot spp.||Tapioca||Nursery stock|
|Mascarena spp.||Mascarena||Nursery stock|
|Nannorrhops spp.||Mazari palm||Nursery stock|
|Neodypis spp.||Palm||Nursery stock|
|Nicotiana spp.||Plants for planting, except seed|
|Oryza spp.||Rice||Straw, seed & hulls.|
|Passiflora spp.||Passionfruit||Fresh fruit*|
|Pastinaca spp.||Parsnip||Fresh vegetable*|
|Pennisetm glaucum||Pearl millet||All unless processed|
|Pennisetm purpureum||Napier grass||All unless processed|
|Perenettya spp.||Pernettya||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Phoenix spp.||Phoenix palm||Nursery stock|
|Physalis spp.||Ground cherry||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Picea spp.||Spruce||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Pinus spp.||Pine||Cut flowers/foliage*|
|Pisum sativum||Pea||Fresh vegetable*|
|Polygonum spp.||Plants for planting, except seed|
|Polytoca spp.||Polytoca||All unless processed|
|Pritchardia spp.||Fiji Fan Palm||Nursery stock|
|Prunus spp.||Stonefruit||Cut flowers/foliage, nursery stock & seed|
|Pseudolarix spp.||Pseudolarix||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Pseudotsuga spp.||Douglas fir||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Pyracantha spp.||Fire Thorn||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Pyrus spp.||Pear||Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock|
|Ravenea spp.||Palm||Nursery stock|
|Ribes spp.||Currant/Gooseberry||Nursery stock|
|Rosa spp.||Rose||Nursery stock|
|Rutoideae||Citrus||All except seed* and fruit|
|Saccharum spp.||Sugarcane||All (unless processed)|
|Salix spp.||Willow||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Sclerachne spp.||Sclerachne||All (unless processed)|
|Seeds, of all kinds, in pulp|
|Solanum spp. (tuberous species only)||Nursery stock (other than true seed)|
|Solanum tuberosum||Potato||Fresh vegetable*|
|Sorghum bicolor||Sorghum||All (unless processed)|
|Sorghum halepense||Johnson grass||All (unless processed)|
|Sorghum vulgare var. technicum||Broomcorn||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Spergularia spp.||Plants for planting, except seed|
|Theobroma spp.||Cacao||Nursery stock|
|Toddalioideae||Citrus||All except seed* and fruit|
|Trachycarpus spp.||Windmill palm||Nursery stock|
|Triticum aestivum||Wheat||Cut flowers/foliage|
|Veitchia spp.||Manilla Palm||Nursery stock|
|Vitis spp.||Grape||Nursery stock|
|Zizania spp.||Wildrice/Water oats||Seed|
*See Commodity Specific Requirements for exceptions
Phytosanitary import permits state the phytosanitary requirements for that commodity
Import permits are required for:
- Consignments comprising 13 or more individual articles of nursery stock (other than seeds, bulbs or sterile cultures of orchid plants). Refer Nursery Stock and Whole Plants
- All nursery stock / seed which requires either treatment on arrival or post export quarantine
- Bulbs of Allium sativum, Crocosmia spp., Gladiolus spp. and Watsonia spp.
- Articles of Zea mays
- Articles of Cocos nucifera
- Articles (except seed) of Dianthus spp.
- Articles (except seed) of Castanea spp. and Castanopsis spp. destined for
- California or Oregon
- Articles (except seed) of Pinus spp. (five leaved) destined to Wisconsin
- Articles (including seed) of Ribes spp. destined to Massachusetts, New York,West Virginia or Wisconsin
- Fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables
- Small lots of seed imported in accordance with Seeds, Grains and Nuts for Sowing - General information (Section 3.4.2)
- Specified seed for sowing (see Seeds, Grains and Nuts for Sowing) including all seeds of trees and shrubs
- Microorganisms, micro biologicals and laboratory specimens.
- Solanum tuberosum true seed
Exporters/Importers are responsible for ensuring the permit is available at the time of the consignments arrival in the USA.
Where the import permit is not presented at the time of the request for an MPI phytosanitary certificate, the associated phytosanitary certificate must be endorsed with the following additional declaration:
Additional declaration: “Import permit not sighted”
Import permits are issued to importers and brokers residing in USA who must apply for the permit prior to the importation.
Import permits may be obtained from:
Permit Unit USDA - APHIS
Department of Agriculture
Unit 136, 4700 River Road
Riverdale, Maryland 20737-1236
Telephone: 001 (301) 734-8645
Facsimile: 001 (301) 734-5786
Import permits may also be requested online at web01.aphis.usda.gov/ias.nsf/MainForm?OpenForm
Import conditions may be requested from the above address, or accessed via the internet at: www.aphis.usda.gov/favir
Import permit applications should be made at least 30 days before arrival of the article at the port of entry and should contain the following information:
- name, address (and telephone number) of the importer
- quantity and kind of plant material (scientific name)
- country of origin (where produced)
- intended port of entry to USA
- mode of transport (airfreight - mail etc.)
- expected date of arrival
Issuance of oral permits. Oral permits may be issued at ports of entry for specific commodities. Please refer to the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations 319, link below, for more information:
Phytosanitary certificates are required for:
- nursery stock, cut flowers and foliage or other classes of plant, root, bulb, seed, or other plant product, for or capable of propagation
- seed shipments from New Zealand except for small lots of seed which may be imported into the USA under conditions (refer Seeds, Grains and Nuts for Sowing).
- where a negotiated pre-clearance work plan is in operation
- where an additional declaration or pre-export treatment is required.
Fresh fruit - apricots (Prunus armeniaca), nectarines, (Prunus persica var. nucipersica), peaches (Prunus persica), plums (Prunus domestica), cherries (Prunus avium) and their hybrids – effective 27 February 2009, the time at port of entry in the USA.
Fresh fruit - apple (Malus)-not pre-cleared by the USDA from New Zealand, avocado (Persea americana), blackberry (Rubus sp), blueberry/cranberry (Vaccinium spp), chinese gooseberry/kiwifruit (Actinidia spp.), currant (Ribes sp), loquat (Eriobotrya sp), grape (Vitis sp), feijoa/strawberry guava (Feijoa sellowiana), pear (Pyrus communis)-not pre-cleared by the USDA from New Zealand, asian pear (Pyrus pyrifolia)-not pre-cleared by the USDA from New Zealand, persimmon (Diospyros kaki) to Guam or the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianna Islands, raspberry (Rubus idaeus), strawberry (Fragaria sp), tomato (Lycopersicum L.)– effective 15 March 2009, the time at port of entry in the USA.
Phytosanitary certificates must be issued not more than 15 days prior to export of the consignment.
The following quarantine pests are prohibited entry to the United States. Refer also to Maximum Pest Limits.
Note: The pest list represents well-documented organisms of greatest risk to the United States and is not an all-inclusive list of actionable pests. APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) may take quarantine action on organisms within the following higher taxa (url below) whether or not they are included on the pest list.
African soybean dwarf agent
Apple ringspot agent
Cherry rusty mottle (European) agent
Chlorotic ringspot agent (associated with Jasminum spp.)
Cotton anthocyanosis agent
Cotton small leaf agent
Euonymus mosaic agents
Grapevine Bratislava mosaic agent
Grapevine chasselas latent agent
Grapevine little leaf agent
Grapevine vein mosaic agent
Grapevine vein necrosis agent
Hibiscus leaf curl agent
Horsechestnut variegation agent
Horsechestnut yellow mosaic agent
Jasmine variegation agents
Ligustrum mosaic agents
Maple mosaic agent
Maple variegation agent
Mountain ash ringspot mosaic agent
Mountain ash variegation agent
Mulberry mosaic agent
Okra mosaic agents
Okra yellow leaf curl agent
Pear bud drop agent
Phyllody agent (associated with Jasminum spp.)
Quince sooty ringspot agent
Quince stunt agent
Quince yellow blotch agent
Rose wilt agent
Sampaguita yellow ringspot mosaic agent
Yellow ring mosaic agent (associated with Jasminum spp.)
Bacillus spp. (associated with beekeeping and honey
Grapevine infectious necrosis bacterium
Grapevine yellows disease bacterium
Potato leaflet stunt
Wheat yellowing stripe bacterium
Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri syn. Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri syn.
Xanthomonas citri syn. Xanthomonas campestris pv.aurantifolii
Xanthomonas campestris pv oryzicola
Xanthomonas campestris pv vasculorum syn. Xanthomonas vasculorum
Ceratocystis fimbriata, cocoa isolates
Chrysomyxa ledi var. rhododendri
Moniliophthora rorei syn. Monilia roreri.
Peronosclerospora maydis syn. Peronospora maydis
Peronosclerospora sacchari syn. Sclerospora sacchari
Pestalotiopsis disseminata syn. Pestalotia disseminata
Phialophora cinerescens syn. Verticillium cinerescens
Phytophthora fragariae (foreign strains)
Pseudopezicula tracheiphila syn. Pseudopeziza tracheiphila
Tilletia indica syn. Neovossia indica
Urocystis agropyri (foreign strains)
Anastrepha obliqua syn. Anastrepha mombinpraeoptans
Apis mellifera capensis
Apis mellifera scuttellata syn. Apis mellifera andansonii
Bactrocera cucurbitae syn. Dacus cucurbitae
Bactrocera dorsalis syn. Dacus dorsalis
Bactrocera tryoni syn. Dacus tryoni
Conopomorpha cramerella syn. Acrocercops cramella
Cryptorhynchus mangiferae syn. Cryptorhynchus mangiferae
Cydia splendana syn. Laspeyresia splendana
Hypothenemus hampei syn. Stephanoderes hampei syn. Stephanoderes coffeae
Maruca vitrata syn. Marcua testulalis
Phyllophaga spp. syn. Phytalus spp.
Solenopsis richteri X Solenopsis invicta hybrid
Sternochetus mangiferae syn. Cryptorhynchus mangiferae
Amphitetranychus viennensis syn. Tetranychus viennensis
Globodera rostochiensis syn. Heterodera rostochiensis
Australian grapevine yellows
Black wood (bois-noir)
European aster yellows
European stone fruit yellows syn. Apricot chlorotic leaf roll
Grapevine vein yellows and leaf roll
Groundnut witches broom
Potato marginal flavescence
Potato purple top roll
Potato witches broom (European and Asian pathogens)
Rice yellow dwarf
Sugarcane white leaf phytoplasma
Sweetpotato witches broom (little leaf)
Coconut cadang-cadang viroid
Pear blister canker viroid
Alfalfa enation virus
Andean potato latent virus
Andean potato mottle virus
Arabis mosaic virus and its strains
Arracacha Virus B
Artichoke Italian latent virus
Azuki bean mosaic virus
Banana streak virus
Barley yellow mosaic virus
Barley yellow striate mosaic virus
Bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus
Black currant reversion virus
Brome streak mosaic virus
Cassava African mosaic virus
Cassava brown streak virus
Cassava common mosaic virus
Cassava latent virus
Cereal chlorotic mosaic virus
Cocksfoot mild mosaic virus
Cocoa mottle leaf virus
Cocoa necrosis virus
Cocoa swollen shoot virus
Cocoa yellow mosaic virus
Cotton leaf curl virus
Cowpea mild mottle virus
Cynodon chlorotic streak virus
Cynosurus mottle virus
Datura Colombian virus
Datura distortion virus
Datura enation mosaic virus
Dulcamara mottle virus
Echinochloa ragged stunt virus
Elm mottle virus
European wheat striate mosaic virus
French bean mosaic virus
Grapevine Algerian latent virus
Grapevine berry inner necrosis virus
Grapevine Bulgarian latent virus
Grapevine Tunisian ringspot virus
Groundnut chlorotic leaf streak virus
Groundnut chlorotic spotting virus
Groundnut rosette viruses
Horsegram yellow mosaic virus
Hungarian chrome mosaic virus
Indian peanut clump virus
Indonesian soybean dwarf virus
Iranian maize mosaic virus
Kashmir virus (associated with honeybees)
Lima bean mosaic virus
Lucerne Australian symptomless virus
Lucerne vein yellowing virus
Maize mottle/chlorotic stunt virus
Maize rough dwarf virus
Maize streak virus
Mung bean yellow mosaic virus
Northern cereal mosaic virus
Oat red streak mosaic virus
Oat sterile dwarf virus
Okra mosaic virus
Peanut clump virus
Plum bark split virus
Plum pox virus syn. Sharka virus
Potato mop top virus
Potato virus T
Potato virus U
Potato virus V
Potato virus Y, tobacco veinal necrosis strain
Potato yellow vein virus
Potato yellowing virus
Raspberry ringspot virus and its strains
Red clover mottle virus
Rice dwarf virus
Rice gall dwarf virus
Rice tungro virus
Rice wilted stunt virus
Rice yellow mottle virus
Strawberry latent ringspot virus and its stains
Tobacco ringspot virus (Andean potato calico strain)
Tomato blackring virus and its strains
Tomato torrado virus
Tomato severe leaf curl virus
Wheat yellow leaf virus
The following noxious weeds are prohibited from entry to the United States unless a written import permit has been issued.
Weed seeds - USA Federal noxious weed seeds are prohibited except under plant pest permit. Refer to USA Federal noxious weed list at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/index.shtml.
Ipomoea aquatica syn. Ipomoea reptans
Melaleuca quinquenervia syn. Melaleuca leucadendron
Monochoria vaginalis syn. Monochoria vaginalis var. pauciflora syn. Pontederia vaginalis
Salvinia auriculata syn. Salvinia rotundifolia
Sparganium erectum syn. Sparganium chlorocarpum
Cuscuta spp. other than
C. americana, C. applanata, C. approximata, C. attenuata, C. boldinghii, C. brachycalyx, C. californica, C. campestris, C. cassytoides, C. ceanothi, C. cephalanthii, C. compacta, C. corylii, C. cuspidata, C. decipiens, C. dentatasquamata, C. denticulata, C. epilinum, C. epithymum, C. erosa, C. europaea, C. exalta, C. fasiculata, C. glabrior, C. globulosa, C. glomerata, C. gronovii, C. harperii, C. howelliana, C. indecora, C. jepsonii, C. leptantha, C. mitriformis, C. nevadensis, C. obtusiflora, C. occidentalis, C. odontolepis, C. pentagona, C. planiflora, C. plattensis, C. polygonorum, C. rostrata, C. runyonii, C. salina, C. sandwichiana, C. squamata, C. suaveolens, C. suksdorfii, C. tuberculata, C. umbellata, C. umbrosa, C. vetchii and C. warneri.
Orobanche spp. other than
O. bulbosa, O. californica, O. cooperi, O. corymbosa, O. dugesii, O. fasciulata, O. ludoviciana, O. multicaulis, O. parishii, O. pinorum, O. uniflora, O. valida.
Parasitic plant seeds- prohibited except under plant pest permit (see Import permits).
Ageratina adenophora syn. Eupatorium adenophorum
Alternanthera sessilis syn. Eupatorium glandulosum
Achyranthes sessilis syn. Alternanthera glabra syn.Gomphrena sessilis
Avena sterilis syn. Avena ludoviciana
Digitaria abyssinica syn. Digitaria scalarum
Digitaria velutina syn. Phalaris velutina
Emex spinosa syn. Rumex spinosus
Imperata cylindrica syn. Lagurus cylindricus
Mimosa diplotricha syn. Mimosa invisa
Mimosa pigra var. pigra
Paspalum scrobiculatum syn. Paspalum orbiculare
Pennisetum polystachion syn. Pennisetum setosum
Prosopis farcta syn. Prosopis stephaniana
Prosopis pallida syn. Prosopis limensis
Prosopis reptans var. reptans
Rottboellia cochinchinensis syn. Aegilops exaltata syn. Manisuris exaltata syn. Rottboellia exaltata
Rubus fruticosus (complex)
Solanum torvum syn. Solanum ficifolium
Spermacoce alata syn. Borreria latifolia syn. Borreria alata
The following noxious weed seeds are allowed entry only when meeting the tolerances outlined in Table 1 of Seeds, Grains and Nuts for Sowing.
If fewer than two seeds are found in an initial examination, the shipment from which the sample was drawn may enter the USA without further sampling. If two seeds are found in an initial examination, a second sample must be examined. If two or fewer seeds are found in the second examination, the shipment from which the samples were drawn may enter the USA. If three or more seeds are found in the second examination, the shipment from which the samples were drawn will be rejected. If three or more seeds are found in an initial examination, the shipment from which the sample was drawn will be rejected.
Acroptilon repens syn. Centaurea repens syn. Centaurea picris
Elytrigia repens syn. Agropyron repens
Please note; for all commodities exported to the USA requiring MPI phytosanitary certificates, the following levels have been set by MPI to facilitate exports while still meeting the importing country’s minimum requirements for specified quarantine pests and soil.
|Quarantine pests* specified by USA||0.5%|
|Soil (for all plant products excluding seed for sowing)||25g/600unit|
|Soil (seed for sowing)
||0.1% by weight|
*Quarantine pests for United States of America include organisms identified within:
- quarantine pests section of this ICPR
- additional declarations
- phytosanitary import permit
- categorised pest list (identified as actionable) refer link below
Consignments may only arrive, land or unload at ports which meet the following conditions:
- approved customs / quarantine ports of entry
- Agana, Guam
- named in the import permit
Consignments requiring mandatory treatment upon arrival may not enter through either Guam or the Northern Mariana Islands
Nursery stock and seed for sowing which requires a written import permit may only be imported through the following ports:
- Nogales, Arizona
- Los Angles, San Diego and San Pedro, California
- Miami and Orlando, Florida
- Honolulu (Airport), Hawaii
- New Orleans, Louisiana
- Hoboken and Jamaica, New York
- San Juan, Puerto Rico
- Brownsville, El Paso and Houston, Texas
- Seattle, Washington.
Consignments must comply with all USA quarantine requirements if landed in the USA.
Consignments transiting the USA which either do not meet the US import requirements or which would require mandatory treatment on arrival must be accompanied by a PPQ Transportation and Exportation Permit (T & E Permit). Importers can obtain a T&E Permit from USDA/APHIS-PPQ.
Transhipped shipments may require safeguarding measures as identified below:
Safeguard procedures to be implemented immediately upon off-loading include:
- Sealable containers will be sealed with tape or tarped with heavy plastic for sealing. Self sealing containers need not be tarped unless damaged or openings are obvious.
- Palleted cargo will be tarped with heavy plastic and sealed.
- Loose shipments in boxes without holes may be allowed to be transhipped without safeguarding if transferred in less than one hour. If a time period of more than one hour expires they must be tarped while awaiting transfer.
- Loose shipments in boxes with air holes will be tarped during off loading and while waiting transhipment.
Safeguard procedures to be implemented for breakdown at cargo shed:
- Shipment safeguards as above
- Boxes without holes, no action required
- Boxes with holes: the holes must be sealed with tape or entire box encased in a plastic bag as they are removed from safeguarded containers or pallets.
For consignments of agricultural and horticultural products transiting Hawaii the carrier shall notify USDA Honolulu at least 3 hours in advance of arrival of the consignment.
Consignments may transit a third country en-route to the USA under the following conditions. Where conditions are not met, the consignment may be refused entry by the USDA upon entry to the USA.
- the consignment may not be re-packed, stored, split or otherwise manipulated in the country it is transiting through
- the consignment must be protected from contamination in the country which it transits.
All consignments imported into New Zealand and subsequently re-exported to the USA must meet USA import requirements for product from both the country of origin and from New Zealand.
All consignments are subject to inspection at the port of first arrival. All seed will remain at the port until released by an USDA-APHIS inspector.
Sampling rates, where known, are provided under the commodity section.
The following link directs importers to the Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) treatment manual which is an operational guide for selecting and conducting quarantine treatments approved by APHIS. Listed treatments include chemical treatments such as fumigation with methyl bromide, and nonchemical treatments with heat, cold, or irradiation.
The information in this standard is provided on the following basis. The phytosanitary requirements found in this standard may be used as the basis of export certification. However, requirements may be changed by importing countries at any time at short notice or with no notice to New Zealand. This information is provided strictly on the basis that the Crown, the Ministry of Agriculture & Forestry, its statutory offices, employees, agents and all other persons responsible for or associated with the compilation, writing, editing, approval, or publication of the imformation:
1. disclaim any and all responsibility for any inaccuracy, error, omission, lateness, or any other kind of inadequacy, deficiency or flaw in, or in relation to, the information; and
2. without limiting (1) above, fully exclude any and all liability of any kind on the part of all of them, to any person or entity that chooses to rely on this information
Compliance with this standard is not to be taken as a guarantee that any particular goods will be granted access to any overseas market.