- Foot-and-mouth disease
- Being ready for a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak
- Foot-and-mouth disease symptoms and spread
- Foot-and-mouth disease information for farmers
- Foot-and-mouth disease information for consumers
- Clinical signs of foot-and-mouth disease for veterinarians
- Impacts of foot-and-mouth disease
- Keeping foot-and-mouth disease out of New Zealand
- Response to foot-and-mouth disease - key steps
- Ministry for Primary Industries response policy
- Using vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease
- Foot-and-mouth disease glossary
- FAQs related to foot-and-mouth disease
This disease is NOT in New Zealand
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease. It affects all cloven-hoofed animals (with hooves split into two toes) such as cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and deer. It does not affect horses, dogs, cats or poultry. It very rarely infects humans and is not considered a threat to human health.
To date, New Zealand has never had an outbreak of FMD. Due to our geographical isolation and strict border controls, the risk of it arriving here is low. However, because it is highly contagious and risk can never be eliminated, there is always the possibility of an outbreak here. In recent years, the United Kingdom, Japan and the Republic of Korea have had FMD outbreaks, and FMD is now well-established in many parts of Africa, Asia, the Middle East and South America.
An outbreak of FMD in New Zealand would seriously impact New Zealand’s economy through the suspension of all trade in animal products and major disruption to primary industry businesses (such as farms, animal product processing businesses, rural contracting businesses and transport).
The policy approach of the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) is to take all precautions to:
- keep FMD out of New Zealand;
- completely eradicate or stamp out the disease if it arrives; and
- prove and reinstate the country’s FMD-free status as soon as possible following eradication.
In brief, FMD produces symptoms in animals that include:
- a high fever for two or three days;
- mouth and foot blisters;
- general ill health and depression;
- excess salivation and drooling;
Early detection of an FMD outbreak is vital to ensure a rapid response, eradication and resumption of trade in animal products. MPI’s Exotic Pest and Disease Hotline is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week for the reporting of suspect FMDcases.
Report suspected FMD immediately to the MPI Exotic Disease and Pest Hotline on 0800 80 99 66.
Page last updated: 5 March 2015