Yams to the United States of America

Dioscorea spp.

Common Name: Yam

Conditions: Plant import permit required. Phytosanitary certificate not required. Mandatory treatment under USDA supervision on entry to the USA required.

Last updated: 1 July 2009

Fresh Fruit and Vegetables to the United States of America

Access to United States of America’s Importing Requirements for Fruit and Vegetables

The United States of America’s phytosanitary importing requirements for fruit and vegetables are available on USDA’s Fruit and Vegetable Import Requirements (FAVIR) system and can be accessed via the internet at:


Note: This ICPR covers phytosanitary certification information pertinent to New Zealand that may not be captured in FAVIR.


  1. For Queensland fruit fly host material please contact an IVA for current requirements.
  2. All consignments must be free from leaves, twigs, or other portions of plants, plant litter or rubbish (as distinguished from clean fruits and vegetables).
  3. Commodities requiring mandatory treatment upon entry may not enter either Guam or the Northern Mariana Islands
  4. If commodities are not listed in section 4.1.1 please contact MPI to determine export requirements.
Last updated: 26 February 2015

United States of America General Requirements

General Information

For enquires about this standard email the Plant Exports Group:


To help Plant Exports process your email please record in the subject line of your email descriptive keywords which are relevant to your enquiry i.e. ICPR enquiry-Country-specific details.

For urgent enquiries phone, fax or email the Plant Exports Group


The requirements listed in this ICPR apply to product of New Zealand only, unless specifically stated.

As there are no New Zealand legislative requirements for certification of exported plant products, the technical phytosanitary requirements are determined by the importing country for plant produce being imported into their country. In this respect, ICPRs are MPI’s summary of the importing country’s legal requirements and thus forms a basis upon which export phytosanitary certification is provided.

Where an importing country operates on the basis of issuing import permits to their importers, the import permit conditions take precedence over any technical conditions contained in the MPI ICPR for that country.

This standard specifies the USA’s phytosanitary import requirements for plant products being exported from New Zealand. If a commodity or commodity group is not identified within this ICPR exporters should contact:

  • USA directly to ascertain requirements


  • Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) - Plant Exports

Please note, the determination and provision of phytosanitary requirements, for a commodity not identified within an ICPR, is undertaken on a cost recovery basis. A link to the list of Plant Exports Fees and Charges is available on http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/regs/exports/plants/fees   

Users of this document are strongly advised to review all sections of the ICPR for the determination of a commodity’s phytosanitary requirements.

Phytosanitary Legislation

United States phytosanitary requirements are documented in the following legislation:

  • The Plant Quarantine Act of 1912
  • The Federal Seed Act of 1939
  • The Federal Plant Pest Act of 1957
  • The Federal Noxious Weed Act of 1974

Regulations under these Acts are contained within the United States of America's Code of Federal Regulations (various editions), which can be viewed at the link below:



Agricultural seed Kinds and varieties of grass, forage, and field crop seed that are used for seeding purposes in the United States:

Coated seed Any seed unit covered with any substance that changes the size, shape, or weight of the original seed. Seeds coated with ingredients such as, but not limited to, rhizobia, dyes, and pesticides are excluded.

Declaration A written statement of a grower, shipper, processor, dealer, or importer giving for any lot of seed the kind, variety, type, origin, or the use for which the seed is intended.

Guam Where used this includes the islands of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

Herbaceous Plants having little or no woody tissue and persisting, usually, for a single growing season.

H. Perennial A plant that has the top growth dying down annually, but where the crown, roots, bulbs, or rhizomes survive the winter.

Hybrid When applied to kinds or varieties of seed means the first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling the pollination and by combining two or more inbred lines; one inbred or a single cross with an open- pollinated variety; or two selected clones, seed lines, varieties, or species. "Controlling the pollination” means to use a method of hybridization that will produce pure seed that is at least 75 percent hybrid seed. Hybrid designations shall be treated as variety names.

Kind One or more related species or subspecies that singly or collectively is known by one common name, e.g., soybean, flax, or carrot.

Lot of seed A definite quantity of seed identified by a lot number, every portion or bag of which is uniform, within permitted tolerances, for the factors that appear in the labelling.

Mixture Seeds consisting of more than one kind or variety, each present in excess of 5 percent of the whole.

Pelleted seed Any seed unit covered with a substance that changes the size, shape, or weight of the original seed in order to improve the “plantability” or “singulation” of the seed.

Shrub A woody plant of relatively low height, distinguished from a tree by having several stems rather than a single trunk.

Transhipment A shipment brought in to the USA from a foreign port for:

  • Off-loading and shipping to another US destination on the same or another airline,
  • Off-loading for shipment to another country,
  • Off-loading for breakdown and shipment to multiple destinations, or
  • Temporary off-loading for re-positioning.

Vegetable Seed Kinds and varieties that are or may be grown in gardens or on truck farms and are or may be generally known and sold under the name of vegetable seed.

General Requirements


Scientific Name Common Name Plant Part Prohibited
Abies spp. Fir Cut flowers / foliage & nursery stock
Acacia spp. Wattles Nursery stock
Actinidia spp. Kiwifruit Plants for planting (including pollen but excluding fruit and seed)
Adonia spp.   Nursery stock
Aegilops spp. Goatgrass Cut flowers/foliage
Aesculus spp. Horse Chestnut Plants for planting excluding seed (temporary prohibition pending a pest risk analysis)
Aiphanes spp. Spine palm Nursery stock
Allagoptera arenaria Alligator weed Nursery stock
Alnus spp. Alder Plants for planting, except seed
Andropogon sorghum Sorghum All parts (unless processed)
Andropogon halepensis Johnson grass All parts (unless processed)
Apium graveolens Celery Fresh vegetable*
Areca spp. Betel Palm Nursery stock
Arenga spp. Sugar palm Nursery stock
Arikuryroba spp. Arikury Palm Nursery stock
Arum spp. Arum Cut flowers/foliage
Aurantioideae Citrus All except seed* and fruit
Bambuseae Bamboo Cut flowers/foliage, nursery stock & seed*
Berberis spp. Barberry Nursery stock & seed
Borassus spp. Palmyra palm Nursery stock
Boronia spp. Boronia Cut flowers/foliage
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Swede Fresh vegetable*
Capsicum spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Caryota spp. Fishtail Palm Nursery stock
Castanea spp. Chestnut Nursery stock
Cedrus spp. Cedar Cut flowers/foliage
Chaenomeles spp. Flowering quince Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock
Chenopodium spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Chionachne spp. Chionachne All parts (unless processed)
Chrysalidocarpus spp. Butterfly palm Nursery stock
Chrysanthemum spp. Chrysanthemum Nursery stock
Citrus spp. of the families Aurantioideae, Rutoideae and Toddalioideae. Citrus All except seed* and fruit
Coccinia grandis Ivy gourd Fresh fruit*
Cocos spp. Coconut Nursery stock & seed
Coffea spp. (with berries) Coffee Cut flowers/foliage
Coix lachryma-jobi Job’s Tears All (unless processed)
Corypha spp. Corypha Nursery stock
Cydonia spp. Quince Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock
Cynara spp. Artichoke Cut flowers/foliage
Dendranthema spp. Chrysanthemum Nursery stock
Dictyosoperma spp. Princess Palm Nursery stock
Diospyros kaki Persimmon Fresh fruit*
Elaeis spp. Oil palms Nursery stock
Erianthus spp. Plume grass Nursery stock
Eriobotrya japonica Loquat Fresh fruit*
Eucalyptus spp. Eucalyptus Cut flowers/foliage
Euchlaena luxurians Teosinte All (unless processed)
Fabaceae (herbaceous species only)   Nursery stock
Fragaria spp. Strawberry Nursery stock
  Botanical fruit associated with Fresh cut fllowers and foliage Botanical fruit unless allowed entry as fruit or vegetables
Gaussia spp.   Nursery stock
Gossypium spp. Cotton Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock*
Halogetum spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Hippophae spp. Buckthorn Cut flowers/foliage
Hypericum spp. St Johns wort Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock
Hypophorbe spp. Palm Nursery stock
Ipomoea spp. Sweet potato Nursery stock & fresh vegetable
Juniperus spp. Juniper Cut flowers/foliage
Latania spp.   Nursery stock
Larix spp. Larch Cut flowers/foliage
Leersia spp. Cutgrass Seed
Lepidium spp. (synonyms Senebiera and Coronopus spp.)   Plants for planting, except seed
Leptochloa spp. Sprangle top Seed
Ligustrum spp. Privet Cut flowers/foliage
Livistona spp. Fan palm Nursery stock
Loranthaceae Mistletoe Fresh fruit (berries)
Lycopersicon spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Mahoberberis spp.   Nursery stock & seed
Mahonia spp.   Nursery stock & seed
Malus spp. Apple Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock
Malva spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Mangifera spp. Mango Seed
Manihot spp. Tapioca Nursery stock
Mascarena spp. Mascarena Nursery stock
Nannorrhops spp. Mazari palm Nursery stock
Neodypis spp. Palm Nursery stock
Nicotiana spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Oryza spp. Rice Straw, seed & hulls.
Passiflora spp. Passionfruit Fresh fruit*
Pastinaca spp. Parsnip Fresh vegetable*
Pennisetm glaucum Pearl millet All unless processed
Pennisetm purpureum Napier grass All unless processed
Perenettya spp. Pernettya Cut flowers/foliage
Phoenix spp. Phoenix palm Nursery stock
Physalis spp. Ground cherry Cut flowers/foliage
Picea spp. Spruce Cut flowers/foliage
Pinus spp. Pine Cut flowers/foliage*
Pisum sativum Pea Fresh vegetable*
Poaceae   Cut flowers/foliage
Polygonum spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Polytoca spp. Polytoca All unless processed
Pomeae   Nursery stock
Pritchardia spp. Fiji Fan Palm Nursery stock
Prunus spp. Stonefruit Cut flowers/foliage, nursery stock & seed
Pseudolarix spp. Pseudolarix Cut flowers/foliage
Pseudotsuga spp. Douglas fir Cut flowers/foliage
Pyracantha spp. Fire Thorn Cut flowers/foliage
Pyrus spp. Pear Cut flowers/foliage & nursery stock
Ravenea spp. Palm Nursery stock
Ribes spp. Currant/Gooseberry Nursery stock
Rosa spp. Rose Nursery stock
Rutoideae Citrus All except seed* and fruit
Saccharum spp. Sugarcane All (unless processed)
Salix spp. Willow Cut flowers/foliage
Sclerachne spp. Sclerachne All (unless processed)
Seeds, of all kinds, in pulp    
Solanum spp. (tuberous species only)   Nursery stock (other than true seed)
Solanum tuberosum Potato Fresh vegetable*
Sorghum bicolor Sorghum All (unless processed)
Sorghum halepense Johnson grass All (unless processed)
Sorghum vulgare var. technicum Broomcorn Cut flowers/foliage
Spergularia spp.   Plants for planting, except seed
Striga spp. Witchweed All
Theobroma spp. Cacao Nursery stock
Toddalioideae Citrus All except seed* and fruit
Trachycarpus spp. Windmill palm Nursery stock
Triticum aestivum Wheat Cut flowers/foliage
Veitchia spp. Manilla Palm Nursery stock
Vitis spp. Grape Nursery stock
Zizania spp. Wildrice/Water oats Seed

*See Commodity Specific Requirements for exceptions

Import Permits

Phytosanitary import permits state the phytosanitary requirements for that commodity

Import permits are required for:

  • Consignments comprising 13 or more individual articles of nursery stock (other than seeds, bulbs or sterile cultures of orchid plants). Refer Nursery Stock and Whole Plants
  • All nursery stock / seed which requires either treatment on arrival or post export quarantine
  • Bulbs of Allium sativum, Crocosmia spp., Gladiolus spp. and Watsonia spp.
  • Articles of Zea mays
  • Articles of Cocos nucifera
  • Articles (except seed) of Dianthus spp.
  • Articles (except seed) of Castanea spp. and Castanopsis spp. destined for
  • California or Oregon
  • Articles (except seed) of Pinus spp. (five leaved) destined to Wisconsin
  • Articles (including seed) of Ribes spp. destined to Massachusetts, New York,West Virginia or Wisconsin
  • Fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables
  • Small lots of seed imported in accordance with Seeds, Grains and Nuts for Sowing - General information (Section 3.4.2)
  • Specified seed for sowing (see Seeds, Grains and Nuts for Sowing) including all seeds of trees and shrubs
  • Microorganisms, micro biologicals and laboratory specimens.
  • Solanum tuberosum true seed

Exporters/Importers are responsible for ensuring the permit is available at the time of the consignments arrival in the USA.

Where the import permit is not presented at the time of the request for an MPI phytosanitary certificate, the associated phytosanitary certificate must be endorsed with the following additional declaration:

Additional declaration: “Import permit not sighted”

Import permits are issued to importers and brokers residing in USA who must apply for the permit prior to the importation.

Import permits may be obtained from:

Permit Unit USDA - APHIS
Department of Agriculture
Unit 136, 4700 River Road
Riverdale, Maryland 20737-1236

Telephone: 001 (301) 734-8645
Facsimile: 001 (301) 734-5786

Import permits may also be requested online at web01.aphis.usda.gov/ias.nsf/MainForm?OpenForm

Import conditions may be requested from the above address, or accessed via the internet at: www.aphis.usda.gov/favir

Import permit applications should be made at least 30 days before arrival of the article at the port of entry and should contain the following information:

  • name, address (and telephone number) of the importer
  • quantity and kind of plant material (scientific name)
  • country of origin (where produced)
  • intended port of entry to USA
  • mode of transport (airfreight - mail etc.)
  • expected date of arrival

Issuance of oral permits. Oral permits may be issued at ports of entry for specific commodities. Please refer to the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations 319, link below, for more information:


Phytosanitary Certificates

Phytosanitary certificates are required for:

  • nursery stock, cut flowers and foliage or other classes of plant, root, bulb, seed, or other plant product, for or capable of propagation
  • seed shipments from New Zealand except for small lots of seed which may be imported into the USA under conditions (refer Seeds, Grains and Nuts for Sowing).
  • where a negotiated pre-clearance work plan is in operation
  • where an additional declaration or pre-export treatment is required.

Fresh fruit - apricots (Prunus armeniaca), nectarines, (Prunus persica var. nucipersica), peaches (Prunus persica), plums (Prunus domestica), cherries (Prunus avium) and their hybrids – effective 27 February 2009, the time at port of entry in the USA.

Fresh fruit - apple (Malus)-not pre-cleared by the USDA from New Zealand, avocado (Persea americana), blackberry (Rubus sp), blueberry/cranberry (Vaccinium spp), chinese gooseberry/kiwifruit (Actinidia spp.), currant (Ribes sp), loquat (Eriobotrya sp), grape (Vitis sp), feijoa/strawberry guava (Feijoa sellowiana), pear (Pyrus communis)-not pre-cleared by the USDA from New Zealand, asian pear (Pyrus pyrifolia)-not pre-cleared by the USDA from New Zealand, persimmon (Diospyros kaki) to Guam or the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianna Islands, raspberry (Rubus idaeus), strawberry (Fragaria sp), tomato (Lycopersicum L.)– effective 15 March 2009, the time at port of entry in the USA.

Phytosanitary certificates must be issued not more than 15 days prior to export of the consignment.

Quarantine Pests

The following quarantine pests are prohibited entry to the United States. Refer also to Maximum Pest Limits.

Note: The pest list represents well-documented organisms of greatest risk to the United States and is not an all-inclusive list of actionable pests. APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) may take quarantine action on organisms within the following higher taxa (url below) whether or not they are included on the pest list.

Shortcut to:

African soybean dwarf agent

Apple ringspot agent

Cherry rusty mottle (European) agent

Chlorotic ringspot agent (associated with Jasminum spp.)

Cotton anthocyanosis agent

Cotton small leaf agent

Euonymus mosaic agents

Grapevine Bratislava mosaic agent

Grapevine chasselas latent agent

Grapevine little leaf agent

Grapevine vein mosaic agent

Grapevine vein necrosis agent

Hibiscus leaf curl agent

Horsechestnut variegation agent

Horsechestnut yellow mosaic agent

Jasmine variegation agents

Ligustrum mosaic agents

Maple mosaic agent

Maple variegation agent

Mountain ash ringspot mosaic agent

Mountain ash variegation agent

Mulberry mosaic agent

Okra mosaic agents

Okra yellow leaf curl agent

Pear bud drop agent

Phyllody agent (associated with Jasminum spp.)

Quince sooty ringspot agent

Quince stunt agent

Quince yellow blotch agent

Rose wilt agent

Sampaguita yellow ringspot mosaic agent

Yellow ring mosaic agent (associated with Jasminum spp.)

Bacillus spp. (associated with beekeeping and honey


Erwinia salicis

Grapevine infectious necrosis bacterium

Grapevine yellows disease bacterium

Lieberobacter africanium

Lieberobacter asiaticum

Potato leaflet stunt

Pseudomonas lignicola

Wheat yellowing stripe bacterium

Xanthomonas acernea

Xanthomonas ampelina

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri syn. Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri syn.

Xanthomonas citri syn. Xanthomonas campestris pv.aurantifolii

Xanthomonas campestris pv oryzicola

Xanthomonas campestris pv vasculorum syn. Xanthomonas vasculorum

Xanthomonas manihotis

Xanthomonas populi

Aecidium hydrangeae-paniculatea

Aecidium mori

Beauveria spp.

Ceratocystis fimbriata, cocoa isolates

Cercospora batatae

Chrysomyxa abietis

Chrysomyxa himalensis

Chrysomyxa ledi var. rhododendri

Cordyceps spp.

Crinipellis perniciosa

Cronartium flaccidium

Diaporthe mali

Elsinoe australis

Elsinoe batatas

Entomophthora spp.

Entyloma oryzae

Fusarium fuliginosporum

Guignardia piricola

Gymnosporangium asiaticum

Hemileia vastatrix

Lachnellula willkommii

Melanomma glumarum

Monilinia fructigena

Moniliophthora rorei syn. Monilia roreri.

Oncobasidum theobromae

Oospora oryzetorum

Peronosclerospora maydis syn. Peronospora maydis

Peronosclerospora sacchari syn. Sclerospora sacchari

Pestalotiopsis disseminata syn. Pestalotia disseminata

Phacidiopycnis pseudotsuga

Phaeosphaeria maydis1 

Phialophora cinerescens syn. Verticillium cinerescens

Phytophthora fragariae (foreign strains)

Prodenia litura

Pseudopezicula tracheiphila syn. Pseudopeziza tracheiphila

Puccinia gladioli

Puccinia horiana

Puccinia mccleanii

Pucciniastrum actinidae

Pucciniastrum areolatum

Rhacodiella vitis

Rosellinia necratrix

Septoria melanosa

Stephanoderes hampei

Stereum hiugense

Stigmina deflectans

Synchytrium endobioticum

Tilletia indica syn. Neovossia indica

Trachysphaera fructigena

Uredo dioscoreae-alatae

Uredo gladioli-buettneri

Urocystis agropyri (foreign strains)

Urocystis tritici

Uromyces gladioli

Uromyces nyikensis

Uromyces transversalis

Uromycladium tepperianum

Acrolepiopsis assectella

Acutaspis albopicta1

Acutaspis aliena1

Acutaspis scutiformis1

Adoretus sinicus

Adoretus spp.

Adoxophyes orana

Aleurocanthus spiniferus

Aleyrodes proletella1 

Anastrepha fraterculus

Anastrepha grandis

Anastrepha ludens

Anastrepha obliqua syn. Anastrepha mombinpraeoptans

Anastrepha serpentina

Anastrepha striata

Anastrepha suspensa

Andaspis punicae1 

Anomala sulcatula

Anoplophora glabripennis

Apis mellifera capensis

Apis mellifera scuttellata syn. Apis mellifera andansonii

Argyrotaenia pulchellana

Bactericera cockerelli2

Bactrocera cucurbitae syn. Dacus cucurbitae

Bactrocera dorsalis syn. Dacus dorsalis

Bactrocera tryoni syn. Dacus tryoni

Bagrada hilaris2

Brachycerus spp.

Capua tortrix

Carposina niponensis

Ceratitis capitata

Ceratitis spp.

Ceroplastes senensis1

Chilo suppressalis

Chrysis spp.

Coccus capparidis1

Coccus viridis

Coelioxys spp.

Conoderus rufangulus

Conogethes punctiferalis

Conopomorpha cramerella syn. Acrocercops cramella

Conotrachelus aguacatae

Conotrachelus spp.

Copturus aguacatae

Cosetacus camelliae1

Cryptophlebia leucotreta

Cryptorhynchus mangiferae syn. Cryptorhynchus mangiferae

Ctenarytaina spatulata1

Curculio elephas

Curculio nucum

Cydia funebrana

Cydia splendana syn. Laspeyresia splendana

Dactylotrypes longicollis1

Dieuches armatipes1

Dryocosmus kuriphilus

Duplachionaspis divergens1

Dyspessa ulula

Earias fabia

Elytroteinus subtruncatus

Epiphyas postvittana

Euscepes postfasciatus

Exosoma lusitanica

Fiorinia pinicola1

Furcaspis oceanica

Greenidea psidii1

Haplothrips chinensis

Heilipus lauri

Hemimene juliana

Hemithea aestivaria1

Holotrichia mindanaona

Hylurgus ligniperda1

Hypothenemus hampei syn. Stephanoderes hampei syn. Stephanoderes coffeae

Icerya aegyptiaca

Lampides boeticus

Laspeyresia spp.

Leptocorisa acuta

Leptoglossus chilensis

Leucoptera malifoliella

Listroderes subcinctus

Lobesia botrana

Lymantria dispar

Maruca vitrata syn. Marcua testulalis

Megalometis chilensis

Metamasius callizona1

Metamasius spp.

Naupactus xanthographus

Neomaskellia bergii

Nysius huttoni

Oebalus insulares1

Omphisa anastomosalis

Opogona sacchari1

Pachymerus nucleorum1

Palmicultor palmarum1

Pammene fasciana

Parabemisia myricae1

Parapoynx diminutalis1 

Pectinophora gossypiella

Pectinophora scutigera

Phenococcus manihoti

Philephedra lutea1

Phoracantha recurva1

Phyllophaga spp. syn. Phytalus spp.

Polytus mellerborgii1

Popillia japonica

Prays endocarpa

Prodiplosis longifila1

Promalactis suzukiella1

Proeulia spp.

Pterandrus spp.

Puto mexicanus1

Rhabdoscelus obscurus

Rhopalosiphum insertum1

Singhiella simplex1

Siphanta acuta1 

Sminthurus viridus

Solenopsis invicta

Solenopsis richteri

Solenopsis richteri X Solenopsis invicta hybrid

Stenoma catenifer

Sternochetus mangiferae syn. Cryptorhynchus mangiferae

Thrips obscuratus

Tomicus piniperda

Toxotrypana curvicauda

Trogoderma granarium

Vinsonia stellifera1

Xyleborus spp.

Acarapis woodi

Amphitetranychus viennensis syn. Tetranychus viennensis

Brevipalpus chilensis

Eriophyes gossypii

Eriophyes litchii

Euvarroa sinhai

Mononychellus tanajoa

Penthaleus major1

Tropilaelaps clareae

Varroa jacobsoni

Hemicycliophora typica1

Heterodera cruciferae1 

Globodera pallida

Globodera rostochiensis syn. Heterodera rostochiensis

Scutellonema bradys1

Apple proliferation

Australian grapevine yellows

Black wood (bois-noir)

Cotton virescence

European aster yellows

European stone fruit yellows syn. Apricot chlorotic leaf roll


Grapevine vein yellows and leaf roll

Grapevine vergelbungskrankheit

Groundnut witches broom

Mulberry dwarf


Potato marginal flavescence

Potato purple top roll

Potato witches broom (European and Asian pathogens)

Rice yellow dwarf

Rubus stunt


Sugarcane white leaf phytoplasma

Sweetpotato witches broom (little leaf)

Coconut cadang-cadang viroid

Pear blister canker viroid

Alfalfa enation virus

Andean potato latent virus

Andean potato mottle virus

Arabis mosaic virus and its strains

Arracacha Virus B

Artichoke Italian latent virus

Azuki bean mosaic virus

Banana streak virus

Barley yellow mosaic virus

Barley yellow striate mosaic virus

Bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus

Black currant reversion virus

Brome streak mosaic virus

Cassava African mosaic virus

Cassava brown streak virus

Cassava common mosaic virus

Cassava latent virus

Cereal chlorotic mosaic virus

Cocksfoot mild mosaic virus

Cocoa mottle leaf virus

Cocoa necrosis virus

Cocoa swollen shoot virus

Cocoa yellow mosaic virus

Cotton leaf curl virus

Cowpea mild mottle virus

Cynodon chlorotic streak virus

Cynosurus mottle virus

Datura Colombian virus

Datura distortion virus

Datura enation mosaic virus

Dulcamara mottle virus

Echinochloa ragged stunt virus

Elm mottle virus

European wheat striate mosaic virus

French bean mosaic virus

Grapevine Algerian latent virus

Grapevine berry inner necrosis virus

Grapevine Bulgarian latent virus

Grapevine Tunisian ringspot virus

Groundnut chlorotic leaf streak virus

Groundnut chlorotic spotting virus

Groundnut rosette viruses

Horsegram yellow mosaic virus

Hungarian chrome mosaic virus

Indian peanut clump virus

Indonesian soybean dwarf virus

Iranian maize mosaic virus

Kashmir virus (associated with honeybees)

Lima bean mosaic virus

Lucerne Australian symptomless virus

Lucerne vein yellowing virus

Maize mottle/chlorotic stunt virus

Maize rough dwarf virus

Maize streak virus

Mung bean yellow mosaic virus

Northern cereal mosaic virus

Oat red streak mosaic virus

Oat sterile dwarf virus

Okra mosaic virus

Peanut clump virus

Plum bark split virus

Plum pox virus syn. Sharka virus

Potato mop top virus

Potato virus T

Potato virus U

Potato virus V

Potato virus Y, tobacco veinal necrosis strain

Potato yellow vein virus

Potato yellowing virus

Raspberry ringspot virus and its strains

Red clover mottle virus

Rice dwarf virus

Rice gall dwarf virus

Rice tungro virus

Rice wilted stunt virus

Rice yellow mottle virus

Strawberry latent ringspot virus and its stains

Tobacco ringspot virus (Andean potato calico strain)

Tomato blackring virus and its strains

Tomato torrado virus

Tomato severe leaf curl virus

Wheat yellow leaf virus

1 Not an quarantine pest for Continental United States but maybe for other States/US territories, refer to Appendix 1.


The following noxious weeds are prohibited from entry to the United States unless a written import permit has been issued.

Weed seeds - USA Federal noxious weed seeds are prohibited except under plant pest permit. Refer to USA Federal noxious weed list at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/index.shtml.

Azolla pinnata

Caulerpa taxifolia

Eichhornia azurea

Hydrilla verticillata

Hygrophila polysperma

Ipomoea aquatica syn. Ipomoea reptans

Lagarosiphon major

Limnophila sessiliflora

Melaleuca quinquenervia syn. Melaleuca leucadendron

Monochoria hastata

Monochoria vaginalis syn. Monochoria vaginalis var. pauciflora syn. Pontederia vaginalis

Ottelia alismoides

Sagittaria sagittifolia

Salvinia auriculata syn. Salvinia rotundifolia

Salvinia biloba

Salvinia herzogii

Salvinia molesta

Sparganium erectum syn. Sparganium chlorocarpum

Aeginetia spp.

Alectra spp.

Cuscuta spp. other than

C. americana, C. applanata, C. approximata, C. attenuata, C. boldinghii, C. brachycalyx, C. californica, C. campestris, C. cassytoides, C. ceanothi, C. cephalanthii, C. compacta, C. corylii, C. cuspidata, C. decipiens, C. dentatasquamata, C. denticulata, C. epilinum, C. epithymum, C. erosa, C. europaea, C. exalta, C. fasiculata, C. glabrior, C. globulosa, C. glomerata, C. gronovii, C. harperii, C. howelliana, C. indecora, C. jepsonii, C. leptantha, C. mitriformis, C. nevadensis, C. obtusiflora, C. occidentalis, C. odontolepis, C. pentagona, C. planiflora, C. plattensis, C. polygonorum, C. rostrata, C. runyonii, C. salina, C. sandwichiana, C. squamata, C. suaveolens, C. suksdorfii, C. tuberculata, C. umbellata, C. umbrosa, C. vetchii and C. warneri.

Orobanche spp. other than

O. bulbosa, O. californica, O. cooperi, O. corymbosa, O. dugesii, O. fasciulata, O. ludoviciana, O. multicaulis, O. parishii, O. pinorum, O. uniflora, O. valida.
Striga spp.

Parasitic plant seeds- prohibited except under plant pest permit (see Import permits).

Ageratina adenophora syn. Eupatorium adenophorum

Alternanthera sessilis syn. Eupatorium glandulosum

Achyranthes sessilis syn. Alternanthera glabra syn.Gomphrena sessilis

Asphodelus fistulosus

Avena sterilis syn. Avena ludoviciana

Carthamus oxyacanthus

Chrysopogon aciculatus

Commelina benghalensis

Crupina vulgaris

Digitaria abyssinica syn. Digitaria scalarum

Digitaria velutina syn. Phalaris velutina

Drymaria arenarioides

Emex australis

Emex spinosa syn. Rumex spinosus

Galega officinalis

Heracleum mantegazzianum

Imperata brasiliensis

Imperata cylindrica syn. Lagurus cylindricus

Ischaemum rugosum

Leptochloa chinensis

Lycium ferocissimum

Melastoma malabathricum

Mikania cordata

Mikania micrantha

Mimosa diplotricha syn. Mimosa invisa

Mimosa pigra var. pigra

Nassella trichotoma

Opuntia aurantiaca

Oryza longistaminata

Oryza punctata

Oryza rufipogon

Paspalum scrobiculatum syn. Paspalum orbiculare

Pennisetum clandestinum

Pennisetum macrourum

Pennisetum pedicellatum

Pennisetum polystachion syn. Pennisetum setosum

Prosopis alpataco

Prosopis argentina

Prosopis articulata

Prosopis burkartii

Prosopis caldenia

Prosopis calingastana

Prosopis campestris

Prosopis castellanosii

Prosopis denudans

Prosopis elata

Prosopis farcta syn. Prosopis stephaniana

Prosopis ferox

Prosopis fiebrigii

Prosopis hassleri

Prosopis humilis

Prosopis kuntzei

Prosopis pallida syn. Prosopis limensis

Prosopis palmeri

Prosopis reptans var. reptans

Prosopis rojasiana

Prosopis ruizlealii

Prosopis ruscifolia

Prosopis sericantha

Prosopis strombulifera

Prosopis torquata

Rottboellia cochinchinensis syn. Aegilops exaltata syn. Manisuris exaltata syn. Rottboellia exaltata

Rubus fruticosus (complex)

Rubus moluccanus

Saccharum spontaneum

Salsola vermiculata

Setaria pallide-fusca

Solanum torvum syn. Solanum ficifolium

Solanum tampicense

Solanum viarum

Spermacoce alata syn. Borreria latifolia syn. Borreria alata

Tridax procumbens

Urochloa panicoides

The following noxious weed seeds are allowed entry only when meeting the tolerances outlined in Table 1 of Seeds, Grains and Nuts for Sowing.

If fewer than two seeds are found in an initial examination, the shipment from which the sample was drawn may enter the USA without further sampling. If two seeds are found in an initial examination, a second sample must be examined. If two or fewer seeds are found in the second examination, the shipment from which the samples were drawn may enter the USA. If three or more seeds are found in the second examination, the shipment from which the samples were drawn will be rejected. If three or more seeds are found in an initial examination, the shipment from which the sample was drawn will be rejected.

Acroptilon repens syn. Centaurea repens syn. Centaurea picris

Cardaria draba

Cardaria pubescens

Convolvulus arvensis

Cirsium arvense

Elytrigia repens syn. Agropyron repens

Euphorbia esula

Sonchus arvensis

Sorghum halepense

MPI specified Maximum Pest Limits

Please note; for all commodities exported to the USA requiring MPI phytosanitary certificates, the following levels have been set by MPI to facilitate exports while still meeting the importing country’s minimum requirements for specified quarantine pests and soil.

Quarantine pests* specified by USA 0.5%
Soil (for all plant products excluding seed for sowing) 25g/600unit
Soil (seed for sowing)        
0.1% by weight

*Quarantine pests for United States of America include organisms identified within:

Ports of Entry

Consignments may only arrive, land or unload at ports which meet the following conditions:

  • approved customs / quarantine ports of entry
  • Agana, Guam
  • named in the import permit

Consignments requiring mandatory treatment upon arrival may not enter through either Guam or the Northern Mariana Islands

Nursery stock and seed for sowing which requires a written import permit may only be imported through the following ports:

  • Nogales, Arizona
  • Los Angles, San Diego and San Pedro, California
  • Miami and Orlando, Florida
  • Honolulu (Airport), Hawaii
  • New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Hoboken and Jamaica, New York
  • San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • Brownsville, El Paso and Houston, Texas
  • Seattle, Washington.

Transit Requirements

Consignments must comply with all USA quarantine requirements if landed in the USA.

Consignments transiting the USA which either do not meet the US import requirements or which would require mandatory treatment on arrival must be accompanied by a PPQ Transportation and Exportation Permit (T & E Permit). Importers can obtain a T&E Permit from USDA/APHIS-PPQ.

Transhipped shipments may require safeguarding measures as identified below:

Safeguard procedures to be implemented immediately upon off-loading include:

  • Sealable containers will be sealed with tape or tarped with heavy plastic for sealing. Self sealing containers need not be tarped unless damaged or openings are obvious.
  • Palleted cargo will be tarped with heavy plastic and sealed.
  • Loose shipments in boxes without holes may be allowed to be transhipped without safeguarding if transferred in less than one hour. If a time period of more than one hour expires they must be tarped while awaiting transfer.
  • Loose shipments in boxes with air holes will be tarped during off loading and while waiting transhipment.

Safeguard procedures to be implemented for breakdown at cargo shed:

  • Shipment safeguards as above
  • Boxes without holes, no action required
  • Boxes with holes: the holes must be sealed with tape or entire box encased in a plastic bag as they are removed from safeguarded containers or pallets.

For consignments of agricultural and horticultural products transiting Hawaii the carrier shall notify USDA Honolulu at least 3 hours in advance of arrival of the consignment.

Consignments may transit a third country en-route to the USA under the following conditions. Where conditions are not met, the consignment may be refused entry by the USDA upon entry to the USA.

  • the consignment may not be re-packed, stored, split or otherwise manipulated in the country it is transiting through
  • the consignment must be protected from contamination in the country which it transits.

Re-export Requirements

All consignments imported into New Zealand and subsequently re-exported to the USA must meet USA import requirements for product from both the country of origin and from New Zealand.

Inspection on Arrival

All consignments are subject to inspection at the port of first arrival. All seed will remain at the port until released by an USDA-APHIS inspector.

Sampling Rate

Sampling rates, where known, are provided under the commodity section.

Treatment information

The following link directs importers to the Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) treatment manual which is an operational guide for selecting and conducting quarantine treatments approved by APHIS. Listed treatments include chemical treatments such as fumigation with methyl bromide, and nonchemical treatments with heat, cold, or irradiation.


Appendix 1

The following table lists all pests that have been re-categorized under the Federally Recognized State Managed Phytosanitary (FRSMP) Program as non-actionable at U.S. ports of entry. However, some pests will remain actionable at certain ports of entry in Hawaii, Puerto Rico or the U.S. territories of Guam, the US Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Federated States of Micronesia, Midway Islands, Northern Marianas Islands, Republic of Palau, and Republic of the Marshall Islands.



Puerto Rico

U.S. Territories

Acutaspis albopicta




Acutaspis aliena




Acutaspis scutiformis




Aleyrodes proletella




Andaspis punicae




Ceroplastes sinensis




Coccus capparidis




Cosetacus camelliae




Ctenarytaina spatulata




Dactylotrypes longicollis




Dieuches armatipes




Duplachionaspis divergens




Fiorinia pinicola




Greenidea psidii




Hemicycliophora typica




Hemithea aestivaria




Heterodera cruciferae




Hylurgus ligniperda




Metamasius callizona




Oebalus insulares




Opogona sacchari




Pachymerus nucleorum




Palmicultor palmarum




Parabemisia myricae




Parapoynx diminutalis




Penthaleus major




Phaeosphaeria maydis




Philephedra lutea




Phoracantha recurva




Polytus mellerborgii




Prodiplosis longifila




Promalactis suzukiella




Puto mexicanus




Rhopalosiphum insertum




Scutellonema bradys




Singhiella simplex




Siphanta acuta




Vinsonia stellifera




Last updated: 28 August 2015


The information in this standard is provided on the following basis. The phytosanitary requirements found in this standard may be used as the basis of export certification. However, requirements may be changed by importing countries at any time at short notice or with no notice to New Zealand. This information is provided strictly on the basis that the Crown, the Ministry of Agriculture & Forestry, its statutory offices, employees, agents and all other persons responsible for or associated with the compilation, writing, editing, approval, or publication of the imformation:

1. disclaim any and all responsibility for any inaccuracy, error, omission, lateness, or any other kind of inadequacy, deficiency or flaw in, or in relation to, the information; and

2. without limiting (1) above, fully exclude any and all liability of any kind on the part of all of them, to any person or entity that chooses to rely on this information

Compliance with this standard is not to be taken as a guarantee that any particular goods will be granted access to any overseas market.